Staphyloma: Part 1

  • Richard F. Spaide


Highly myopic eyes may have shape distortion where there is a local deviation in curvature of the posterior portion of the eye as compared with the surrounding eye wall. When these distortions are manifested by an outpouching of the eye with associated uveal tissue, they are known as a staphyloma. Localized expansion of the choroid, retinal pigment epithelium, and retina may lead to a variety of stereotypical pathologies recognized in high myopes for one and a half centuries. The history of staphyloma research, concepts of staphyloma formation, and hypotheses of staphyloma formation are presented. Special problems in highly myopic eyes attributed to staphylomas are discussed.


Retinal Pigment Epithelium Axial Length Refractive Error Choroidal Thickness Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vitreous, Retina, Macula Consultants of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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