Endoscopic Detection and Analysis of Mucosal Neoplastic Lesions: Enhanced Imaging and Tumor Morphology

  • Frieder Berr
  • Toshio Uraoka
  • Thierry Ponchon
  • Naohisa Yahagi
Chapter

Abstract

Endoscopic imaging techniques aim for detection of small and even minute neoplasias and analysis of macroscopic type, microsurface, and capillary architecture. Magnifying image-enhanced endoscopy displays surface and capillary architecture of normal and neoplastic mucosa and allows highly accurate endoscopic diagnosis of margins, malignant transformation, and likelihood of deep submucosal invasion of early mucosal neoplasias, which is fundamental for curative endoscopic resection. We provide an introduction to techniques of image-enhanced endoscopy and diagnostic analysis of endoscopic observations.

Keywords

Lymphoma Adenocarcinoma Iodine Adenoma Xenon 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The contribution of cases or images by Dr. Hans-Peter Allgaier/Freiburg and Dr. Gerhard Kleber/Aalen, Germany; Dr. Tsuneo Oyama, Saku Central Hospital/Nagano, Japan; and Dr. Daniel Neureiter, University Institute of Pathology/Salzburg, Austria, is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frieder Berr
    • 1
  • Toshio Uraoka
    • 2
  • Thierry Ponchon
    • 4
  • Naohisa Yahagi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine IParacelsus Medical University / Salzburger LandesklinikenSalzburgAustria
  2. 2.Department of GastroenterologyTokyo Medical CenterMeguro-kuJapan
  3. 3.Division of Research and Development for Minor Invasive TreatmentCancer Center, Keio University School of MedicineShinjuku-kuJapan
  4. 4.Department of Digestive DiseasesHôpital Eduard HerriotLyonFrance

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