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Endoscopic Screening and Surveillance: Indications and Standards

  • Frieder BerrEmail author
  • Thierry Ponchon
  • Tsuneo Oyama
Chapter

Abstract

Endoscopy is the gold standard for detection of early cancer in the gastrointestinal tract. For normal-risk asymptomatic persons, endoscopic screening of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract is recommended in Japan starting at the age of 40 years. In many Western countries, colonoscopy only is approved for cancer screening starting at the age of 50 years. As rationale serves that colonoscopic screening with resection of all neoplastic lesions had strongly reduced the incidence of colorectal cancer during subsequent follow-up for 10 years. High-risk groups are subject to different, more frequent endoscopic surveillance programs which we summarize for esophageal, gastric, and colorectal cancer. We explain the preparation and procedural steps of screening colonoscopy and esophago-/gastroscopy including benchmark criteria for quality of endoscopic screening.

Keywords

Gastric Cancer Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Early Gastric Cancer Intestinal Metaplasia Surveillance Endoscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge Toshio Uroaka MD for critical discussion and improvements in the manuscript of this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine IParacelsus Medical University/Salzburger LandesklinikenSalzburgAustria
  2. 2.Department of Digestive DiseasesHôpital Eduard Herriot, Pavillon H, Place d’ArsonvalLyonFrance
  3. 3.Department of EndoscopySaku Central Hospital Advanced Care CenterSakuJapan

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