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Inpatient Mental Health Services

  • Johanna K. Lake
  • Anna M. Palucka
  • Pushpal Desarkar
  • Angela Hassiotis
  • Yona Lunsky
Chapter
Part of the Autism and Child Psychopathology Series book series (ACPS)

Abstract

This chapter provides a review of key issues concerning inpatient psychiatric services for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). Such a review is very much impacted by the time in which it is written. A similar chapter written 20–30 years prior would focus on long-stay hospitals for individuals with ID. However, with the deinstitutionalisation movement impacting many parts of the developed world, the purpose of hospitalisation has shifted to short-term treatment of acute psychiatric issues. This chapter focuses on papers published within the past 10–20 years. Section “Profiles of Inpatients with ID” describes what we know about the profile of individuals with ID that are hospitalised for mental health or behavioural concerns. We review in some detail the two main models of inpatient care: mainstream or general services and specialist units. We will describe what is known about how the two models differ as well as the risks and benefits of each. Section “Issues Pertaining to Hospitalization” focuses on clinical considerations and challenges with inpatient care. Finally, the chapter concludes with new directions for models of inpatient care and areas requiring further research.

Keywords

Autism Spectrum Disorder Intellectual Disability Intellectual Disability Challenging Behaviour Inpatient Admission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johanna K. Lake
    • 1
  • Anna M. Palucka
    • 1
  • Pushpal Desarkar
    • 1
  • Angela Hassiotis
    • 2
  • Yona Lunsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Addiction & Mental HealthUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Mental Health Sciences UnitUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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