PyHasse Software Features Applied on the Evaluation of Chemicals in Human Breast Milk Samples in Turkey

  • Kristina VoigtEmail author
  • Rainer Brüggemann
  • Hagen Scherb
  • Ismet Cok
  • Birgül Mazmanci
  • M. Ali Mazmanci
  • Cafer Turgut
  • Karl-Werner Schramm


In this chapter we evaluate the data of 18 Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) found in breast milk samples from 44 mothers in the Taurus Mountains in Turkey. In this approach the association of concentration levels in breast milk samples with the two confounding factors: smoking habit and habit of taking medication is the goal. For all data evaluation approaches, we applied the Hasse diagram technique and its software package, namely the PyHasse software. Special emphasis was laid on the software features “similarity” and “Local Partial Order Model” to draw further conclusions out of the data. The data analyses resulted in differences between the smoking women and those who did not smoke as well as between the medication and non-medication breast milk samples. Little differences were found comparing hormone taking mothers and mothers taking other medication.


Breast Milk Partial Order Smoking Habit Organochlorine Pesticide Average Rank 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristina Voigt
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rainer Brüggemann
    • 2
  • Hagen Scherb
    • 1
  • Ismet Cok
    • 3
  • Birgül Mazmanci
    • 4
  • M. Ali Mazmanci
    • 5
  • Cafer Turgut
    • 6
  • Karl-Werner Schramm
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Computational BiologyNeuherbergGermany
  2. 2.Department of EcohydrologyLeibniz-Institute of Fresh Water Ecology and Inland FisheriesBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Department of Toxicology, Faculty of PharmacyGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and LettersUniversity of MersinMersinTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of MersinMersinTurkey
  6. 6.Faculty of AgricultureAdnan Menderes UniversityAydinTurkey
  7. 7.Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Molecular EXposomics (MEX)NeuherbergGermany
  8. 8.Department fuer BiowissenschaftenWissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan fuer Ernaehrung und Landnutzung, TUMFreisingGermany

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