Seasonal and Altitudinal Migration of Japanese Macaques in the Northern Japan Alps

Chapter
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Abstract

The population density and home range area of wild animals often depend on the distribution of food sources. Severe climate conditions such as low temperature and snow cover directly affect animal life, particularly in higher altitudinal habitats, because availability and distribution of food resources shows not only seasonality but a large variation among habitat types. This causes various animals, including terrestrial mammals, to migrate.

Keywords

Migration Ketamine Bark Betula Xylazine 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Animal capture and handling were according to the policies and guidelines provided by Nagano Prefecture and the Ministry of Environment. I would like to express my sincere thanks to the Tokyo Electric Power Company for a permission to use facility management roads, and to Yumiko Hayashi for english support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of AgricultureShinshu UniversityMatsumotoJapan

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