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National Intellectual Capital Development of the Four Small European Countries

  • Carol Yeh-Yun Lin
  • Leif Edvinsson
  • Jeffrey Chen
  • Tord Beding
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Economics book series (BRIEFSECONOMICS)

Abstract

In this chapter, we first present the development of national intellectual capital in these four relatively small European countries over 6 years, then graphically display the relationship between each individual capital with GDP per capita (ppp). Afterward, we describe the relative position of long-term and short-term intellectual capital and explain the dynamics of national intellectual capital for three time periods (2005–2006, 2007–2008, and 2009–2010). Finally, we illustrate the NIC trajectory of these four countries on three-dimensional (3D) 48-country landscapes.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol Yeh-Yun Lin
    • 1
  • Leif Edvinsson
    • 2
  • Jeffrey Chen
    • 3
  • Tord Beding
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Business AdministrationNational Chengchi UniversityTaipeiTaiwan (R.O.C.)
  2. 2.Universal Networking Intellectual CapitaNorrtaljeSweden
  3. 3.AccentureChicagoUSA
  4. 4.TC-Growth ABKarlstadSweden

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