Atypical Mycobacterial Lymphadenitis

  • Roberto N. Miranda
  • Joseph D. Khoury
  • L. Jeffrey Medeiros
Part of the Atlas of Anatomic Pathology book series (AAP)


Bacterial lymphadenitis is the result of infection by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). Nontuberculous (also known as atypical) Mycobacteria species are ubiquitous noncommunicable opportunistic pathogens that cause disease primarily in immunocompromised individuals. Infections have been associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and iatrogenic immunosuppression. The bacilli are acid-fast, like Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but they exhibit different characteristics in cell culture. The most common NTM species associated with lymphadenitis are listed in Table 7.1.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Hairy Cell Leukemia Immunocompromised Individual 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto N. Miranda
    • 1
  • Joseph D. Khoury
    • 1
  • L. Jeffrey Medeiros
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HematopathologyThe University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA

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