Introduction: Biocultural Diversity and the Participation of Local Communities in National and Global Conservation

  • Claudia Camacho-Benavides
  • Luciana Porter-Bolland
  • Isabel Ruiz-Mallén
  • Susannah R. McCandless


Much of the world’s biodiversity is found in areas of human settlement, where people are highly dependent on natural resources for their subsistence. In 1995, more than one billion people were living in 25 biodiversity hotspots of priority for conservation. However, the global tendency has been for official biodiversity conservation measures (i.e., protected areas) to often exclude communities from decision-making or consider their participation and presence as detrimental. Some authors follow this conventional approach, supporting the strict protection of areas important for biodiversity and ecosystem services against people’s intervention. In contrast, other authors argue that rural and indigenous communities have developed a cumulative body of local ecological knowledge, beliefs, and practices important for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.


Protected Area Indigenous People Local Ecological Knowledge Local Participation Community Conservation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Camacho-Benavides
    • 1
  • Luciana Porter-Bolland
    • 2
  • Isabel Ruiz-Mallén
    • 3
  • Susannah R. McCandless
    • 4
  1. 1.Mesoamerican Regional Program, Global Diversity FoundationXalapaMexico
  2. 2.Red de Ecología Funcional, Instituto de Ecología A. C.XalapaMexico
  3. 3.Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA)Universitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBellaterraSpain
  4. 4.International Program, Global Diversity FoundationBristolUSA

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