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Checkpoints in the Development of Pathogenic and Regulatory T Cells in Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis—A Basis for Current and Future Interventions in MS

Chapter

Abstract

Given the relative inaccessibility of the target tissue — the Central Nervous System (CNS) — to experimental exploration, a wide range of in vivo experimental models are employed to study multiple sclerosis (MS), each of which affords particular suitability to studying different aspects of the disease. Individual models exhibit similarities to different types of histopathological lesions (type I–IV) described in MS. Most commonly, rodent models are used with mice being the most frequent choice, due in part to the range of reagents and genetically modified (GM) lines available as well as the reduced cost and breeding time of this species compared to larger mammals. While this chapter will primarily focus on the range of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) models, it is important to summarise other approaches taken to model CNS demyelination. Aside of EAE, which will be discussed in detail later, three other main categories of models are frequently used: toxin-induced demyelination, viral-induced demyelination and genetic manipulation resulting in de-/dysmyelination. These models have been reviewed in depth elsewhere.

Keywords

Multiple Sclerosis Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis Glatiramer Acetate Myelin Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Infection and ImmunityQueen’s University BelfastBelfastUK
  2. 2.Centre for Inflammation Research, Centre for Multiple Sclerosis Research and Centre for Immunity Infection and EvolutionUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK

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