Cosmic Plasma Fundamentals

  • Anthony L. Peratt


Plasma consists of electrically charged particles that respond collectively to electromagnetic forces. The charged particles are usually clouds or beams of electrons, ions, and neutrals or a mixture of electrons ions, and neutrals but also can be charged grains or dust particles. Plasma is also created when a gas is brought to a temperature that is comparable to or higher than that in the interior of stars. At these temperatures, all light atoms are stripped of their electrons, and the gas is reduced to its constituent parts: positively charged bare nuclei and negatively charged free electrons.


Solar Wind Transmission Line Interplanetary Magnetic Field Magnetic Field Line Coronal Loop 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony L. Peratt
    • 1
  1. 1.Los AlamosUSA

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