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The Northern Hardwood Ecosystem in the Hubbard Brook Valley in Relation to Other Forest Ecosystems

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Abstract

Forests and woodlands cover some 57 × 106 km2, which is about 38 % of the total continental area or 11 % of the Earth’s surface. Despite this relatively small area, 92 % of the Earth’s plant biomass and 46 % of its annual net primary production come from forest (Table 33). The ~80 billion metric tons of dry plant matter produced (net) each year by forests exceeds the total net primary production of the oceans, even though the oceans are more than six times larger in area. The animal biomass in these forests represents some 68 % of the total found on continental land masses [Whittaker and Likens 1973; but see Cole (2013, pp. 113–114)].

Keywords

  • Magnesium Salt
  • Animal Biomass
  • Continental Land Mass
  • Watershed Ecosystem
  • Biogeochemical Data

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

An erratum to this chapter can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7810-2_9

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Likens, G.E. (2013). The Northern Hardwood Ecosystem in the Hubbard Brook Valley in Relation to Other Forest Ecosystems. In: Biogeochemistry of a Forested Ecosystem. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-7810-2_7

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