Hybrid Electric and Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Vehicles



Different types of alternate vehicles (AVs) exist, such as EVs, HEVs, and fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). However, HEVs are found to be the most practical and efficient substitutes for CVs in the near future. This is because the characteristics of an electric motor are found to be more favorable, compared to the characteristics of an internal combustion engine (ICE). Different combinations of energy sources exist, for example, electric and mechanical (fly-wheel) energy sources or electric and chemical (fuel cell) energy sources. However, the combination of fuel energy and electric energy sources is found to be the most acceptable, due to the combined usage of mature ICE techniques and well-established modern power electronics.


Combustion Nickel Torque Transportation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringConcordia UniversityMontrealCanada

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