Surgical Navigation Technology

Chapter

Abstract

Surgical navigation is a method to guide surgery using medical images as a guidance map. The goal of surgical navigation is to maximize the treatment effect of surgery while minimizing trauma to patients by avoiding damage to critical structures. The most common form of surgical navigation is image-guided surgical navigation, which is mainly used to perform open surgery in a minimally invasive fashion. An advanced form of surgical navigation uses image-directed robots as guides or even tools to perform operative maneuvers for an operating physician. The most recent form of surgical navigation is ablation and radiation therapy directed by image guidance, which evolved from surgical navigation using the available technology. The technologies that make surgical navigation possible include surgical planning, guidance workstations, tool tracking, and patient-to-image registration. All current methods of surgical navigation were made possible by the progress in computer and sensor technology in the last two decades. The future direction of surgical navigation may involve intraoperative imaging as well as simulation of treatment effects from intraoperative imaging.

Keywords

Catheter Attenuation Adapter 

References

  1. 1.
    Brown RA. A stereotactic head frame for use with CT body scanners. Invest Radiol. 1979;14(4):300–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kelly PJ, Alker Jr GJ, Goerss S. Computer-assisted stereotactic microsurgery for the treatment of intracranial neoplasms. Neurosurgery. 1982;10(3):324–31.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tarwala R, Dorr LD. Robotic assisted total hip arthroplasty using the MAKO platform. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2011;4(3):151–6.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Taylor RH, Joskowicz L, Williamson B, Gueziec A, Kalvin A, Kazanzides P, Van Vorhis R, Yao J, Kumar R, Bzostek A, Sahay A, Borner M, Lahmer A. Computer-integrated revision total hip replacement surgery: concept and preliminary results. Med Image Anal. 1999;3(3):301–19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Center for Image Guided Therapy, Department of RadiologyBrigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations