Evidence Synthesis to Inform NCD Prevention and Health Promotion
Making informed choices about the use of resources and the likely success of proposed NCD prevention and health promotion initiatives requires knowledge of what strategies have been previously evaluated. This information can be openly and curiously sought through the process of a systematic appraisal of the research evidence. This chapter provides a brief overview of the evidence synthesis process for those who are likely to draw upon evidence reviews to inform their practice. Subcomponents discussed include planning an evidence review, formulating answerable questions about health issues and inequalities, searching for relevant research, including evidence from nonhealth sectors, and appraising its strength and trustworthiness. An understanding of these processes, forming the basic steps of systematic review methodology, and the links between the steps provides a framework for those who need to engage with the evidence as part of an evidence-informed decision-making process.
KeywordsHealth Promotion Answerable Question Health Promotion Intervention Evidence Review Review Question
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