Gastrointestinal Facts and Formulas

  • Joseph Varon
  • Robert E. FrommJr.


Problems of the gastrointestinal system commonly result in ED visits and ICU admissions. In addition, critically ill patients may suffer from stress-induced mucosal injury, ileus, and hepatic dysfunction. The following formulas and facts should be useful in a broad range of ICU patients and patients presenting to the ED. Many additional important facts and formulas related to the GI tract can be found in Chap. 8.


Laboratory Test Viral Hepatitis Gastrointestinal System Hepatic Dysfunction Intestinal Fluid 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Varon
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert E. FrommJr.
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Critical Care ServicesUniversity General HospitalHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Acute and Continuing CareThe University of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Maricopa Integrated Health System Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Arizona College of MedicinePhoenixUSA

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