Impacts of Wind Energy Development on Bats: Implications for Conservation

  • Edward B. ArnettEmail author
  • Erin F. Baerwald


At a time of growing concern over the rising costs and long-term environmental impacts from the use of fossil fuels, wind energy has become an increasingly important sector of the electrical power industry. However, large numbers of bats are being killed at utility-scale wind energy facilities, and these fatalities raise important concerns about cumulative impacts of proposed wind energy development on bat populations. We discuss our current state of knowledge on patterns of bat fatalities at wind facilities, present new information on cumulative fatalities in the USA and Canada, and present findings from mitigation studies. Given the magnitude and extent of fatalities of bats worldwide, the conservation implications of understanding and mitigating bat fatalities at wind energy facilities are critically important.


Wind Turbine Turbine Blade Wind Energy Wind Energy Development Operational Mitigation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We appreciate reports shared with us by Western Ecosystems Technology, Stantec, Golder, TransAlta Wind, and several other companies. We are grateful to C. Martin and N. Quintana, Texas Tech University, for assisting with the development of our stratification criteria for regions. This chapter was greatly enhanced by reviews from R. Adams, S. Pedersen, and an anonymous reviewer. We dedicate this chapter to our friend and colleague David Redell, whom we lost way too soon. We also dedicate our work to Dr. Thomas Kunz for all of his wisdom, knowledge, and efforts in regard to wind energy impacts on bats.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Theodore Roosevelt Conservation PartnershipLovelandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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