Toward Racial Justice

  • Mikhail Lyubansky
  • Carla D. Hunter
Part of the International and Cultural Psychology book series (ICUP)


It is a sunny afternoon, on August 30, 2010. Police officer Ian Birk, driving his patrol car down a downtown street, stops for a red light. As he waits, he notices a middle-aged man casually crossing the street, a block of wood and a knife clearly visible in his hands. The man is John T. Williams, a 50-year-old First Nations wood carver.


Racism Implicit bias Racial profiling Restorative justice 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Illinois, Urbana-ChampaignChampaignUSA

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