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Skin Cancer pp 75-88 | Cite as

Basal Cell Carcinoma: Molecular and Pathological Features

  • Renato Franco
  • Anna Maria Anniciello
  • Gerardo Botti
  • Michele Caraglia
  • Amalia Luce
Chapter
Part of the Current Clinical Pathology book series (CCPATH)

Abstract

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common malignant tumour of humans, recording a progressive increase in incidence during the last decades. Basal cell carcinomas are locally destructive malignancies, mainly involving sun-exposed areas, such as head and neck skin. Basal cell carcinoma derives from basaloid epithelia located in the follicular bulges, and its development seems to be related to the deregulation of Hedgehog signalling pathway, primarily studied in the Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, characterised by a wide range of developmental abnormalities and predisposition to neoplasm, such as basal cell carcinomas. Basal cell carcinoma shows a clinical favourable behaviour, but some pathological features could suggest a more aggressive clinical course. In addition, the high incidence is responsible of a significant increasing workload for the health service, in relation to their treatment. Thus, novel therapy approaches have been developed in order to improve the treatment.

Keywords

Basal Cell Carcinoma Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome Basaloid Cell Superficial Basal Cell Carcinoma Nodular Basal Cell Carcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Glossary

ALA-5

Aminolevulinic acid

BCC

Basal cell carcinoma

ECT

Electrochemotherapy

GLI

Glioblastoma

MAL

Methyl aminolevulinic

MMS

Mohs micrographic surgery

PDT

Photodynamic surgery

SHH

Sonic Hedgehog homologue

SMO

Smoothened

UV

Ultraviolet

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renato Franco
    • 1
  • Anna Maria Anniciello
    • 1
  • Gerardo Botti
    • 1
  • Michele Caraglia
    • 2
  • Amalia Luce
    • 2
  1. 1.Pathology UnitNational Institute of Tumours Fondazione “G. Pascale”NaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and BiophysicsSecond University of NaplesNaplesItaly

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