Reproduction, Pregnancy, and Women: Diet Quality and Dysmenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea is a Greek word that means painful or difficult monthly menstrual flow. It is also defined as menstrual cramps of uterine origin. Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common gynecologic complaints among adolescent and young females [1, 2]. Different types of studies from both developed and developing countries have found a consistently high prevalence of dysmenorrhea in women of different ages and nationalities. Dysmenorrhea is more prevalent in adolescent women. It occurs with an estimated prevalence of up to 97 % of menstruating females .
KeywordsDysmenorrheal Dietary factors Lifestyle modification Calcium Dairy products
Complementary and Alternative Medicines
Institutional Review Board
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
We like to thank Dr. Amjed Qandil and Dr. Karem Al-Zoubi for their valuable comments. The research is supported by grant (22/2010) from Deanship of Research, Jordan University of Science and Technology. According to Institutional Review Board (IRB) regulation, the biochemical results for each participant were handed in for medical records.
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