Reproduction, Pregnancy, and Women: Diet Quality and Dysmenorrhea

  • Khalid K. Abdul-Razzak
  • Bayan A. Obeidat
  • Nehad M. Ayoub
  • Mudhaffar I. Al-Farras
  • Ahmed A. Jaradat
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)


Dysmenorrhea is a Greek word that means painful or difficult monthly menstrual flow. It is also defined as menstrual cramps of uterine origin. Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common gynecologic complaints among adolescent and young females [1, 2]. Different types of studies from both developed and developing countries have found a consistently high prevalence of dysmenorrhea in women of different ages and nationalities. Dysmenorrhea is more prevalent in adolescent women. It occurs with an estimated prevalence of up to 97 % of menstruating females [3].


Dysmenorrheal Dietary factors Lifestyle modification Calcium Dairy products 



25-Hydroxyvitamin D


Complementary and Alternative Medicines


Institutional Review Board


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs


Oral contraceptives




Parathyroid hormone



We like to thank Dr. Amjed Qandil and Dr. Karem Al-Zoubi for their valuable comments. The research is supported by grant (22/2010) from Deanship of Research, Jordan University of Science and Technology. According to Institutional Review Board (IRB) regulation, the biochemical results for each participant were handed in for medical records.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khalid K. Abdul-Razzak
    • 1
  • Bayan A. Obeidat
    • 2
  • Nehad M. Ayoub
    • 3
  • Mudhaffar I. Al-Farras
    • 4
  • Ahmed A. Jaradat
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Clinical PharmacyJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  2. 2.Department of Nutrition and Food TechnologyJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  3. 3.Department of Clinical PharmacyJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  4. 4.Department of EmergencyKing Abdulla University HospitalIrbidJordan
  5. 5.Department of Family and Community MedicineCollege of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Arabian Gulf UniversityManamaKingdom of Bahrain

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