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Evolution of Cyber-Physical Systems: A Brief Review

  • Bernd J. Krämer
Conference paper

Abstract

The term “cyber-physical system” (CPS) sounds like a brand-new buzzword as it occurs increasingly as a theme of many conferences, in journal articles and books—like this one. Etymologically the prefix cyber derives from the ancient Greek word κυβέρνησις (kybernesis) and originally means control skills. It evolved into the Latin word guvernare and finally the English word to govern. For our context this means that we speak about systems in which physical objects and computational resources are tightly integrated and exhibit a degree of continuous coordination between each other.

Keywords

Ambient Assisted Living German Industry Control Skill Integrate System Modeling Complex Organizational Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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    Sztipanovits, Janos (2007). 14th Annual IEEE International Conference and Workshops on the Engineering of Computer-Based Systems (ECBS ‘07), pp. 3–6, IEEE Computer SocietyGoogle Scholar
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    Pias, Claus (Ed., 2003): Die Macy-Konferenzen (the Macy Conferences) 1946–1953. Berlin: Diaphenes (in German)Google Scholar
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    Pias, Claus (2003): Zeit der Kybernetik – eine Einstimmung (Time of Cybernetics—To Get Attuned). In [2], pp. 9–41 (in German)Google Scholar
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    Geisberger, Eva, Broy, Manfred (Eds., 2012): agendaCPS—Integrierte Forschungsagenda Cyber-Physical Systems (in German), Springer, series acatech StudieGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scientific Academy for Service TechnologyHagenGermany

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