You Can Inspire Me to Live Further: Explicating Pre-reflexive Bridges to the Other
This purpose of this paper is to provide an exploration of how one can affect the other to live further. The theoretical articulations of Carl Rogers and Eugene Gendlin are examined on the concept of presence; Gendlin’s terminologies of felt meaning and felt sense are examined; the understanding of the other is viewed from Gendlin’s articulation of crossing. Throughout this paper, the discussion of these person-centered and experiential concepts is staged on the interplay of the pre-reflexive and reflexive modes of consciousness. From these theoretical considerations and examples from Rogers’ and the author’s sessions, the paper concludes that explications from the felt sense of the other can inspire the other to live further.
KeywordsPresence Felt meaning Felt sense Crossing Pre-reflexive/reflexive mode of consciousness Eugene Gendlin Carl Rogers
I thank Michael Lux for referring me to an article by Nagasawa, M. et al (2009) that shows that a dog’s gaze can increase the levels of the neuropeptide oxytocin in its owner. Physiological changes such as these can occur pre-reflexively, and can later be ‘explained’ by scientific findings.
- Gendlin, E. (1973). Experiential psychotherapy. In R. Corsini (Ed.), Current psychotherapies. Ithasca: FE Peacock.Google Scholar
- Gendlin, E. (1981) Focusing. New York, Bantam Books.Google Scholar
- Gendin, E. (1990). The small steps of the therapy process: How they come and how to help them come. In Client-centered and experiential psychotherapy in the ninetie. Leuven: Leuven University Press.Google Scholar
- Gendlin, E. (1962/1997). Experiencing and the creation of meaning. Evanston: Northwestern University Press. Originally published in 1962 from the Free Press of Glencoe.Google Scholar
- Gendlin, E. (1997). How philosophy cannot appeal to experience, and how it can. In D. Levine (Ed.) Language beyond postmodernism: Saying and thinking in Gendlin’s philosophy (pp. 3–41). Evanston: Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
- Ikemi, A., & Kawata, E. (2006). Aiding the beginning therapist with therapist focusing. Kobe College Shinri Soudan Kenkyu, 7, 3–13. (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- Kira, Y. (2010). Therapist Focusing, Tokyo: Iwasaki Gakujitsu Shuppan (in Japanese).Google Scholar
- Rogers, C. (1980). A way of being. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.Google Scholar
- Rogers, C. (1989). A client centered/person-centered approach to therapy. In: H. Kirschenbaum & V. Henderson (Eds.) The Carl Rogers reader (pp. 135–152).Google Scholar