Use of Fortified Foods for Indonesian Infants
Adequate nutrition during the first 2 year of life is important to ensure optimal physical and mental development. Malnutrition, which prevents infants/young children from growing to their full genetic potential, remains problematic in developing countries including the Southeast Asian countries. It occurs primarily during the first 2 year of life [1, 2] making it essential to provide a nutritionally adequate complementary diet. During the complementary feeding period, breast milk provides less than 50 % of an infant’s high nutrient needs for iron, zinc, calcium, thiamin, and riboflavin . Given the limited gastric capacity of infants to consume foods, consequently, complementary foods (CF) with a high nutrient density should be provided (WHO, 1998). Animal source foods have been cited in particular as essential to achieve micronutrient requirements . However in developing countries where significant numbers of households still live below poverty level such as in Indonesia, promoting intakes of animal source foods will not be an easy task. Fortification of food vehicles which are consumed predominantly by lower-socioeconomic population can contribute to increase micronutrient intakes.
KeywordsIndonesia Infant Fortified foods Nutrient-dense foods Iron Zinc Calcium Fatty acids Linear/goal programming
Complementary feeding recommendations
Essential fatty acids
Linoleic acids (18:2(n-6), an omega-6 fatty acid)
α-linolenic acid (18:3(n-3), an omega-3 fatty acid)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Standar Nasional Indonesia (The Indonesian National Standard)
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