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Vitamin D Supplementation in Children: Indian Perspectives

  • Anuradha V. KhadilkarEmail author
  • Shashi A. Chiplonkar
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

The crucial role played by vitamin D in musculoskeletal development is very well recognized. In infants and toddlers poor vitamin D status may lead to rickets while in children and adolescents it affects the acquisition of peak bone mass. Maternal vitamin D status has been shown to have a significant positive effect on neonatal bone status, and this effect appears to track up to the prepubescent period [1]. There is also a growing body of evidence which links vitamin D to various nonskeletal disorders including autoimmune disorders (Crohn’s disease, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and type 1 diabetes), infections, and risk of developing cancers. However, in this chapter, the discussions on vitamin D supplementation mainly focus on its role for the improvement of childhood bone health [2].

Keywords

Vitamin D India Sun-rich Deficiency Supplementation 

Abbreviations

25(OH)D

25-Hydroxyvitamin D

PTH

Parathyroid hormone

IU

International unit

μg

Microgram

VDR

Vitamin D receptor

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Growth and Endocrine DepartmentHirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Jehangir HospitalPuneIndia
  2. 2.Hirabai Cowasji Jehangir Medical Research Institute, Jehangir HospitalPuneIndia

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