Profiling National Mandatory Folic Acid Fortification Policy Around the World
Mandatory food fortification “occurs when governments legally oblige food producers to fortify particular foods or categories of foods with specified micronutrients” . Because mandatory food fortification exposes everyone in the population who consumes the fortified food(s) to raised levels of the specified micronutrient, it is one of the most powerful policy instruments available to influence dietary intake and population health outcomes. Many national food regulatory authorities have established policy guidance on mandatory food fortification. From an international perspective, the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) provides principles for the addition of essential nutrients to foods . According to these Codex principles, mandatory food fortification with additional vitamins and minerals is recommended where there is proven public health and nutrition need (Note: these principles are under review at the time of writing).
KeywordsFolic acid Folate Mandatory fortification Neural tube defects Evidence Ethics
The USAID Micronutrient and Child Blindness Project
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Codex Alimentarius Commission
Food and Agriculture Organization
Flour Fortification Initiative
Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition
Neural tube defect
Rice Fortification Resource Group
United Nations Children’s Fund
United States Agency for International Development
World Food Programme
World Health Organization
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