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Profiling National Mandatory Folic Acid Fortification Policy Around the World

  • Mark A. LawrenceEmail author
  • Karishma Kripalani
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Mandatory food fortification “occurs when governments legally oblige food producers to fortify particular foods or categories of foods with specified micronutrients” [1]. Because mandatory food fortification exposes everyone in the population who consumes the fortified food(s) to raised levels of the specified micronutrient, it is one of the most powerful policy instruments available to influence dietary intake and population health outcomes. Many national food regulatory authorities have established policy guidance on mandatory food fortification. From an international perspective, the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) provides principles for the addition of essential nutrients to foods [2]. According to these Codex principles, mandatory food fortification with additional vitamins and minerals is recommended where there is proven public health and nutrition need (Note: these principles are under review at the time of writing).

Keywords

Folic acid Folate Mandatory fortification Neural tube defects Evidence Ethics 

Abbreviations

A2Z

The USAID Micronutrient and Child Blindness Project

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Codex

Codex Alimentarius Commission

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

FFI

Flour Fortification Initiative

GAIN

Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition

MI

Micronutrient Initiative

NTD

Neural tube defect

RiFoRG

Rice Fortification Resource Group

UNICEF

United Nations Children’s Fund

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

WFP

World Food Programme

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Food Policy Unit, Population Health Strategic Research CentreDeakin UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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