Food Fortification as a Global Public Health Intervention: Strategies to Deal with Barriers to Adoption, Application and Impact Assessment

  • Lada TimotijevicEmail author
  • Arnold Timmer
  • Adebayo Ogunlade
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)


Food fortification with micronutrients continues to be one of the possible policy options to tackle micronutrient malnutrition as it is considered a more sustainable and cost-effective method available to improve public health, especially when it is mandated [1, 2]. Food fortification can provide relatively rapid solutions to address low micronutrient intakes at a population level, as it does not require complex behaviour change and enables maintenance of traditional dietary patterns [3–5]. Whilst it is adopted in a number of developing countries where it remains one of the key strategies to tackle these serious issues, a relatively small proportion of foods are currently fortified on a mandatory basis in the Western Europe. Given the persistence of pockets of micronutrient malnutrition within Europe and a patchy approach to food fortification globally, questions can be raised about public health policy realities that act to constrain wider use of food fortification.


Food fortification Policy development Public health Barriers to implementation Application of policy Consumer acceptance Stakeholder involvement Monitoring and evaluation 



European Union


European Commission


Small and medium enterprise


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lada Timotijevic
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arnold Timmer
    • 2
  • Adebayo Ogunlade
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Food, Consumer Behaviour and Health Research CentreUniversity of SurreyGuildfordUK
  2. 2.Nutrition SectionUNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund)New YorkUSA

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