Bread as a Vehicle Vitamin D Fortification: Application to Nursing Home Residents

  • Veronica MocanuEmail author
  • Corina Galesanu
  • Reinhold Vieth
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)


Vitamin D deficiency is extremely prevalent in the older adults. Most often the first symptoms are caused by myopathy with muscle pain, fatigue, muscular weakness, and gait disturbances. More severe deficiency causes osteomalacia with deep bone pain, reduced mineralization of bone matrix and fractures. The conditions suggested to be associated with vitamin D insufficiency include total mortality, osteoporosis, muscle weakness, pain, cancer, cardiovascular disease, infections, and falls [1].


Bread Fortification Older adults Nursing home Vitamin D deficiency Osteoporosis 



1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D


25-Hydroxyvitamin D


Insulin-like growth factor


International unit


Quality of life


Questionnaire especially developed for measuring quality of life in patients with vertebral deformities


Recommended dietary allowance


Tolerable upper intake level


Ultraviolet B rays


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Veronica Mocanu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Corina Galesanu
    • 2
  • Reinhold Vieth
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PathophysiologyGrigore. T. Popa University of Medicine and PharmacyIaşiRomania
  2. 2.Department of EndocrinologyGrigore T. Popa University of Medicine and PharmacyIaşiRomania
  3. 3.Department of Nutritional SciencesUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Department of Laboratory Medicine and PathologyUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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