Fortification of Human Milk for Preterm Infants

  • Luigi Corvaglia
  • Elena Legnani
  • Arianna Aceti
  • Elisa Mariani
  • Giacomo Faldella
Chapter
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)

Abstract

Human milk is the best feeding choice for preterm infants, as it offers protection against sepsis and other infections (particularly diarrhoea and acute otitis media) [1] and against necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) [2], thanks to its various bioactive and immunomodulatory components. Furthermore, human milk feeding is related to long-term improved neurocognitive development [3]. It has a beneficial role in facilitating and improving adaptation to extrauterine life; its components also have the effect of promoting psychomotor and behavioural development [4].

Keywords

Preterm infants Nutrition Human milk Fortification Protein intake Growth 

Abbreviations

AAP

American Academy of Pediatrics

AGA

Appropriate for gestational age

ARA

Arachidonic acid

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen

DHA

Docosahexaenoic acid

ESPGHAN

European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition

GA

Gestational age

GER

Gastroesophageal reflux

HMF

Human milk fortifier

LBW

Low birth weight

LC-PUFA

Long-chain polyunsatured fatty acid

MCT

Medium-chain triglyceride

NEC

Necrotizing enterocolitis

NICU

Neonatal intensive care unit

NIRA

Near-infrared-reflectance-analysis

RCT

Randomized controlled trial

SGA

Small for gestational age

VLBW

Very low birth weight

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luigi Corvaglia
    • 1
  • Elena Legnani
    • 1
  • Arianna Aceti
    • 1
  • Elisa Mariani
    • 1
  • Giacomo Faldella
    • 1
  1. 1.Neonatology and Intensive Care Unit-Sant’Orsola-Malpighi HospitalUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly

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