Advertisement

Crop Improvement Through Plant Tissue Culture

  • Sumiya Jamsheed
  • Saiema Rasool
  • Shivani Koul
  • Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz
  • Parvaiz Ahmad
Chapter

Abstract

Plant tissue culture has emerged as a powerful and cost-effective tool for the crop improvement. Tissue culture is alternatively called cell, tissue and organ culture through in vitro condition. It can be employed for large scale propagation of disease free clones and gene pool conservation. Agricultural industry has applied immensely in vitro propagation approach for large scale plant multiplication of elite superior varieties. As a result, hundreds of plant tissue culture laboratories have come up worldwide, especially in the developing countries due to cheap labour costs. Tissue culture has been exploited to create genetic variability from which crop plants can be improved and to increase the number of desirable germplasms available to the plant breeder. The selection of somaclonal variations appearing in the regenerated plants may be genetically stable and useful in crop improvement. Available methods for the transfer of genes could significantly simplify the breeding procedures and overcome some of the agronomic and environmental problems, which otherwise would not be achievable through conventional propagation methods. Transgenic crops resistant to pests, insects, diseases and other abiotic stresses is a great achievement in the field of plant biotechnology . This article is cover in vitro propagation and role of biotechnology in crop improvement.

Keywords

Somatic Embryo Pollen Tube Fusarium Head Blight Tobacco Mosaic Virus Somaclonal Variation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abe H, Urao T, Ito T, Seki M, Shinozaki K, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K (2003) Arabidopsis AtMYC2 (b-HLH) and AtMYB2 (MYB) function as transcriptional activators in abscisic acid signalling. Plant Cell 15:63–78PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmad P, Sarwat M, Sharma S (2008) Reactive oxygen species, antioxidants and signaling in plants. J Plant Biol 51(3):167–173Google Scholar
  3. Ahmad P, Jaleel CA, Salem MA, Nabi G, Sharma S (2010) Roles of Enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in plants during abiotic stress. Crit Rev Biotechnol 30(3):161–175Google Scholar
  4. Ahmad P, Ashraf M, Younis M, Hu X, Kumar A, Akram NA, Al-Qurainy F (2012) Role of transgenic plants in agriculture and biopharming. Biotechnol Adv 30:524–540PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ahmadabadi M, Ruf S, Bock R (2007) A leaf-based regeneration and transformation system for maize (Zea mays L.). Transgenic Res 16:437–448PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Alcantara EP, Aguda RM, Curtiss A, Dean DH, Cohen MB (2004) Bacillus thuringiensis δ-endotoxin binding to brush border membrane vesicles of rice stem borers. Arch Insect Biochem Physiol 55:169–177PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Almasia NI, Bazzini AA, Hopp HE, Vazquez-Rovere C (2008) Overexpression of snakin-1 gene enhances resistance to Rhizoctonia solani and Erwinia carotovora in transgenic potato plants. Mol Plant Pathol 9:329–338PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Al-Taweel K, Iwaki T, Yabuta Y, Shigeoka S, Murata N, Wadan AA (2007) Bacterial transgene for catalase protects translation of D1 protein during exposure of salt-stressed tobacco leaves to strong light. Plant Physiol 145:258–265Google Scholar
  9. Anand A, Zhou T, Trick HN, Gill BS, Bockus WW, Muthukrishnan S (2003) Green-house and field testing of transgenic wheat plants stably expressing genes for thaumatin-like protein, chitinase and glucanase against Fusarium graminearum. J Exp Bot 54:1101–1111PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Andrews RW, Fausr R, Wabiko MH, Roymond KC, Bulla LA (1987) Biotechnology of Bt: a critical review. Biotechnol 6:163–232Google Scholar
  11. Atanassov A, Zagorska N, Boyadjiev P, Djilianov D (1995) In vitro production of haploid plants. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 11:400–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Azria D, Bhalla PL (2011) Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Australian rice varieties and promoter analysis of major pollen allergen gene, Ory s 1. Plant Cell Rep 30:1673–1681PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Badawi GH, Kawano N, Yamauchi Y, Shimada E, Sasaki R, Kubo A, Tanaka K (2004) Overexpression of ascorbate peroxidase in tobacco chloroplasts enhances the tolerance to salt stress and water deficit. Physiol Plant 121:231–237PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bagni N, Ruiz-Carrasco K, Franceschetti M, Fornalè S, Fornasiero RB, Tassoni A (2006) Polyamine metabolism and biosynthetic gene expression in arabidopsis thaliana under salt stress. Plant Physiol Biochem 44:776–786PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. BANR (Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources) (2000) Genetically modified pest protected plant: science and regulation. Committee on genetically modified pest protected plants. National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, p 292Google Scholar
  16. Bashir K, Husnain T, Fatima T, Riaz N, Makhdoom R, Riazuddin S (2005) Novel indica basmati line (B-370) expressing two unrelated genes of Bacillus Thuringiensis is highly resistant to two lepidopteran insects in the field. Crop Protection 24:870–879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Bhatnagar M, Prasad K, Bhatnagar-Mathur P, Narasu ML, Waliyar F, Sharma KK (2010) An efficient method for the production of marker-free transgenic plants of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Plant Cell Rep 29:495–502PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Bhutani S, Kumar R, Chauhan R, Singh R, Choudhury VK, Choudhury JB (2006) Development of transgenic indica rice plants containing potato proteinase inhibitor 2 gene with improved defense against yellow stem borer. Physiol Mol Biol Plant 12:43–52Google Scholar
  19. Brookes G, Barfoot P (2011) Global impact of biotech crops: environmental effects 1996–2009. Lands Biosci 2:34–49Google Scholar
  20. Brookes G, Barfoot P (2012) GM crops: global socio-economic and environmental impacts 1996–2010. Dorchester, UKGoogle Scholar
  21. Brown DCW, Thorpe TA (1996) Crop improvement through tissue culture. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 11:409–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Budzianowska A (2009) In-vitro cultures of tobacco and their impact on development of plant biotechnology. Biotechnol Adv 25:223–243Google Scholar
  23. Cantrill LC, Overall RL, Goodwin PB (2005) Changes in macromolecular movement accompany organogenesis in thin cell layers of Torenia fournieri. Planta 222:933–946PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Capell T, Bassie L, Christou P (2004) Modulation of the polyamine biosynthetic pathway in transgenic rice confers tolerance to drought stress. PNAS 101:9909–9914PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Chan YL, Prasad V, Sanjaya C, Chen KH, Liu PC, Chan MT, Cheng CP (2005) Transgenic tomato plants expressing an Arabidopsis thionin (i2.1) driven by fruit-inactive promoter battle against phytopathogenic attack. Planta 221:386–393PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Chandel G, Datta K, Datta SK (2010) Detection of genomic changes in transgenic Bt rice populations through genetic fingerprinting using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). GM Crops 1:327–336PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Chen H, Tang W, Xu C, Li X, Lin Y, Zhang Q (2005) Transgenic indica rice plants harboring a synthetic cry2A* gene of Bacillus thuringiensis exhibit enhanced resistance against lepidopteran rice pests. Theor Appl Genet 111:1330–1337PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Chen H, Zhang G, Zhang Q, Lin Y (2008) Effect of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis rice lines on mortality and feeding behavior of rice stem borers (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). J Econ Entomol 101:182–189Google Scholar
  29. Chen HJ, Su CT, Lin CH, Huang GJ, Lin YH (2010) Expression of sweet potato cysteine protease SPCP2 altered developmental characteristics and stress responses in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. J Plant Physiol 167:838–847PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Chen JB, Wang SM, Jing RL, Mao XG (2009) Cloning the PvP5CS gene from common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and its expression patterns under abiotic stresses. J Plant Physiol 166:12–19PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Chen ZY, Brown RL, Damann KE, Clevel TE (2010) PR10 expression in maize and its effect on host resistance against Aspergillus flavus infection and aflatoxin production. Mol Plant Pathol 11:69–81PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Cho SK, Kim JE, Park JA, Eom TJ, Kim WT (2006) Constitutive expression of abiotic stress-inducible hot pepper CaXTH3, which encodes a xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase homolog, improves drought and salt tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis plants. FEBS Letters 580:3136–3144PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Chougule NP, Bonning BC (2012) Toxins for transgenic resistance to hemipteran pests. Toxins 4:405–429PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Cohen BM, Gould F, Bentur JC (2000) Bt rice: practical steps to sustainable use. Int Rice Res 25:4–10Google Scholar
  35. Cong L, Zheng HC, Zhang YX, Chai TY (2008) Arabidopsis DREB1A confers high salinity tolerance and regulates the expression of GA dioxygenases in tobacco. Plant Sci 174:156–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Cotter J (2011) Genetically engineered (GE) Bt egg-plant (talong): health risks, environmental impacts and contamination from field trials. Greenpeace Breifing, GRL-TN-02. http://gaia-health.com/articles451/000460-greenpeacebt.pdf
  37. Davey MR, Anthony P, Power JB, Lowe KC (2005) Plant protoplasts: status and biotechnological perspectives. Biotechnol Adv 23:131–171PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Davis J, Reznikoff WS (1992) Milestones in biotechnology. Classic papers on genetic engineering. Boston Butterworth Heinemann, BostonGoogle Scholar
  39. Di R, Blechl A, Dill-Macky R, Tortora A, Tumer NE (2010) Expression of a truncated form of yeast ribosomal protein L3 in transgenic wheat improves resistance to fusarium head blight. Plant Sci 178:374–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ding F, Jin S, Hong N, Zhong Y, Cao Q, Yi G, Wang G (2008) Vitrification-cryopreservation, an efficient method for eliminating Candidatus liberobacter asiaticus, the citrus Huanglongbing pathogen, from in-vitro adult shoot tips. Plant Cell Rep 27:241–250PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Doi H, Yokoi S, Hikage T, Nishihara M, Tsutsumi KI, Takahata Y (2011) Gynogenesis in gentians (Gentiana triflora, G. scabra): production of haploids and doubled haploids. Plant Cell Rep 30:1099–1096PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Doran PM (2009) Application of plant tissue cultures in phytoremediation research: incentives and limitations. Biotechnol Bioeng 103:60–76PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Dresselhaus T, Lausser A, Marton ML (2011) Using maize as a model to study pollen tube growth and guidance, cross-incompatibility and sperm delivery in grasses. Ann Bot 108:727–737PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Dubouzet JG, Sakuma Y, Ito Y, Kasuga M, Dubouzet EG, Miura S, Seki M, Shinozaki K, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K (2003) OsDREB genes in rice, (Oryza sativa L.) encode transcription activators that function in drought, high salt and cold responsive gene expression. Plant J 33:751–763PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Ellis J, Dodds P, Pryor T (2000) Structure, function and evolution of plant disease resistance genes. Curr Opin Plant Biol 3:278–284PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Ellul P, Rios G, Atares A, Roig LA, Serrano R, Moreno V (2003) The expression of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae HAL1 gene increases salt tolerance in transgenic watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsun. & Nakai.). Theor Appl Genet 107:462–469PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Espinosa-Ruiz A, Belles JM, Serrano R, Culianez-Macia FA (1999) Arabidopsis thaliana AtHAL3: a flavoprotein related to salt and osmotic tolerance and plant growth. Plant J 20:529–539PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Franz JE, Mao MK, Sikorski JA (1996) Glyphosate: a unique global pesticide. American Chemical Society, Washington, p 653Google Scholar
  49. Gaines TA, Zhang W, Wang D, Bukun B, Chisholm ST, Shaner DL, Nissen SJ, et al. (2010) Gene amplification confers glyphosate resistance in Amaranthus palmeri. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 107:1029–1034Google Scholar
  50. Gao AG, Hakimi SM, Mittanck CA, Wu Y, Woerner BM, Stark DM, Shah DM, Liang J, Rommens CMT (2000) Fungal pathogen protection in potato by expression of a plant defensin peptide. Nat Biotechnol 18:1307–1310PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Garg AK, Kim JK, Owens TG, Ranwala AP, Choi YD, Kochian LV, Wu RJ (2002) Trehalose accumulation in rice plants confers high tolerance levels to different abiotic stresses. PNAS 99:15898–15903PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Gaxiola R, Li J, Undurraga S, Dang LM, Allen GJ, Alper SL, Fink GR (2001) Drought and salt tolerant plants result from overexpression of the AVP1 H + pump. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 98:11444–11449PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Ge LF, Chao DY, Shi M, Zhu MZ, Gao JP, Lin HX (2008) Overexpression of the trehalose-6-phosphate phosphatase gene OsTPP1 confers stress tolerance in rice and results in the activation of stress responsive genes. Planta 228:191–201PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Goudar G, Alagawadi GAR, Krishnaraj PU, Basavana Goud K (2012) Characterization of Bacillus thuringiensis isolates of Western Ghats and their insecticidal activity against diamond back moth (Plutella xylostella L.). Karnataka J Agric Sci 25(2):199–202Google Scholar
  55. Grant PG, Schindler D, Davies JE (1976) Mapping of trichodermin resistance in Saccharomyces cerevisiue: a genetic locus for a component of the 60s ribosomal subunit. Genetics 83:667–673PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Grison R, Grezes-Besset B, Schneider M, Lucante N, Olsen L, Leguay JJ, Toppan A (1996) Field tolerance to fungal pathogens of Brassica napus constitutively expressing a chimeric chitinase gene. Nat Biotechnol 14:643–646PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Gu D, Liu X, Wang M, Zheng J, Hou W, Wang G, Wang J (2008) Overexpression of ZmOPR1 in Arabidopsis enhanced the tolerance to osmotic and salt stress during seed germination. Plant Sci 174:124–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Haake V, Riechmann JLCD, Pineda O, Thomashow MF, Zhang JZ (2002) Transcription factor CBF4 is a regulator of drought adaptation in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 130:639–648PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Hajari E, Berjak P, Pammenter NW, Watt MP (2011) A novel means for cryopreservation of germplasm of the recalcitrant-seeded species, Ekebergia capensis. Cryo Letters 32:308–316PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Hancock CN, Kent L, McClure BA (2005) The stylar 120 kDa glycoprotein is required for S-specific pollen rejection in Nicotiana. Plant J 43:716–723PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Haumann BE (1997) Bioengineered oilseed acreage escalating. Inform 8:804–811Google Scholar
  62. Henning L, Gruissem W, Grossniklaus U, Kohler C (2004) Transcriptional programs of early reproductive stages in arabidopsis. Plant Physiol 135:1765–1775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Hernández-Campuzano B, Suárez R, Lina L, Hernández V, Villegas E, Corzo G, Iturriaga G (2009) Expression of a spider venom peptide in transgenic tobacco confers insect resistance. Toxicon 53:122–128PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Herrnstadt C, George GS, Edward WR, David L (1986) A new strain of Bacillus thuringiensis with activity against coleopteran insects. Nat Biotechnol 4:305–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Hmida-Sayari A, Gargouri-Bouzid R, Bidani A, Jaoua L, Savouré A, Jaoua S (2005) Overexpression of Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase increases proline production and confers salt tolerance in transgenic potato plants. Plant Sci 169:746–752CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Ho NH, Baisakh N, Oliva N, Datta K, Frutos R, Datta SK (2006) Translational fusion hybrid Bt genes confer resistance against yellow stem borer in transgenic elite vietnamese rice (Oryza sativa L.) Cultivars. Crop Sci 46:781–789CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Holmstrom KO, Somersalo S, Manda A, Palva TE, Welin B (2000) Improved tolerance to salinity and low temperature in transgenic tobacco producing glycine betaine. J Exp Bot 51:177–185PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Hoshikawa K, Ishihara G, Takahashi H, Nakamura I (2012) Enhanced resistance to gray mold (Botrytis cinerea) in transgenic potato plants expressing thionin genes isolated from Brassicaceae species. Plant Biotechnol 29:87–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Hsieh TH, Lee JT, Charng YY, Chan MT (2002) Tomato plants ectopically expressing Arabidopsis CBF1 show enhanced resistance to water deficit stress. Plant Physiol 130:618–626PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Husaini AM, Abdin MZ (2008) Overexpression of tobacco osmotin gene leads to salt stress tolerance in strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) plants. Indian J Biotechnol 7:465–472Google Scholar
  71. Hussain A, Hasnain S (2012) Comparative assessment of the efficacy of bacterial and cyanobacterial phytohormones in plant tissue culture. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 28:1459–1466PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Hussain AM, Rashid Z, Mir RU, Aquil B (2011) In vitro cultures of tobacco and their impact on development of plant biotechnology. GM Crops 2:150–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Ingram GC (2010) Family life at close quarters: communication and constraint in angiosperm seed development. Protoplasma 247:195–214PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Islam SM, Tuteja N (2012) Enhancement of and rogenesis by abiotic stress and other pretreatments in major crop species. Plant Sc 182:134–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Ismond KP, Dolferus R, Pauw MD, Dennis ES, Good AG (2003) Enhanced low oxygen survival in arabidopsis through increased metabolic flux in the fermentative pathway. Plant Physiol 132:1292–1302PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Jain M, Chengalrayan K, Abouzid A, Gallo M (2007) Prospecting the utility of a/MI/mannose selection system for the recovery of transgenic sugarcane (Saccharum spp. hybrid) plants. Plant Cell Rep 26:581–590PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. James C (1997) Global status of transgenic crops in 1997. Int Service Acquisition Agric biotechnol Appl 5:1–30Google Scholar
  78. James C (1999) Global review of commercialized transgenic crops in 1999. Int Service Acquisition Agric Biotechnol Appl 12:1–7Google Scholar
  79. James C (2007) Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops. http://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/
  80. James C (2010) A global overview of biotech (GM) crops, adoption, impact and future prospects. GM Crops 1:8–12PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. James VA, Neibaur I, Altpeter F (2008) Stress inducible expression of the DREB1A transcription factor from xeric, Hordeum spontaneum L. in turf and forage grass (Paspalum notatum Flugge) enhances abiotic stress tolerance. Transgenic Res 17:93–104PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Jang IC, Oh SJ, Seo JS, Choi WB, Song SI, Kim CH, Kim YS, Seo HS, Choi YD, Nahm BH, Kim JK (2003) Expression of a bifunctional fusion of the Escherichia coli genes for trehalose-6-phosphate synthase and trehalose-6-phosphate phosphates in transgenic rice plants increases trehalose accumulation and abiotic stress tolerance without stunting growth. Plant Physiol 131:516–524PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Jeong JS, Kim YS, Baek KH, Jung H, Ha SW, Choi YD, Kim M, Reuzeau C, Kim JK (2010) Root specific expression of OsNAC10 improves drought tolerance and grain yield in rice under field drought conditions. Plant Physiol 153:185–197PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Jia GX, Zhu ZQ, Chang FQ, Li YX (2002) Transformation of tomato with the BADH gene from atriplex improves salt tolerance. Plant Cell Rep 21:141–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Kang J, Choi H, Im M, Kim SY (2002) Arabidopsis basic leucine zipper proteins that mediate stress-responsive abscisic acid signaling. Plant Cell 14:343–357PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Kanzaki H, Nirasawa S, Saitoh H, Ito M, Nishihara M, Terauchi R, Nakamura I (2002) Overexpression of the wasabi defensin gene confers enhanced resistance to blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea) in transgenic rice. Theor Appl Genet 105:809–814PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Karkonen A, Santanen A, Iwamoto K, Fukuda H (2011) Plant tissue cultures. Methods Mol Biol 715:1–20PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Karp A (1994) Origins, causes and uses of variation in plant tissue cultures. In: Thorpe TA (ed) Plant cell and tissue culture: methods and applications in agriculture. New York Academic Press, pp 181–211Google Scholar
  89. Khan RS, Nishihara M, Yamamura S, Nakamura I, Mii M (2006) Transgenic potatoes expressing wasabi defensin peptide confer partial resistance to gray mold (Botrytis cinerea). Plant Biotechnol 23:179–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Kim S, Kim C, Li W, Kim T, Li Y, Zaidi MA, Altosaar I (2008) Inheritance and field performance of transgenic Korean Bt rice lines resistant to rice yellow stem borer. Euphytica 164:829–839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Kota M, Daniell H, Varma S, Garczynski SF, Gould F, Moar WJ (1999) Overexpression of the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Cry2Aa2 protein in chloroplasts confers resistance to plants against susceptible and Bt-resistant insects. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96:1840–1850PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Krattiger A (2010) Intellectual property, commercial needs and humanitarian benefits: must there be a conflict? New Biotechnol 27:573–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Krishna H, Singh SK (2007) Biotechnological advances in mango (Mangifera indica L.) and their future implication in crop improvement: a review. Biotechnol Adv 25:223–243PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Kumar M, Chimote V, SinghR, Mishra GP, Naik PS, PandeySk, Chakrabarti SK (2010) Development of Bt transgenic potatoes for effective control of potato tuber moth by using cry1Ab gene regulated by GBSS promoter. Crop Prot 29:121–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Lal S, Gulyani V, Khurana P (2008) Overexpression of HVA1 gene from barley generates tolerance to salinity and water stress in transgenic mulberry (Morus indica). Transgenic Res 17:651–663PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Lermontova I, Grimm B (2000) Overexpression of plastidic protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase leads to resistance to the diphenyl-ether herbicide acifluorfen. Plant Physiol 122:75–84PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Li G, Xu X, Xing H, Zhu H, Fan Q (2005) Insects resistance to nilaparvata lugens and cnephalocrosis medinalis in transgenic indica rice and the inheritance of gna + sbtitransgenes. Pest Manag Sci 61:390–396PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Lin M, Wu Q, Zheng S, Tian H (2011) Tissue culture and polyploidy induction of morinda officinalis. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 36:2325–2328PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Liu K (1999) Biotech crops: products, properties, and prospects. Food Technol 53:42–48Google Scholar
  100. Liu X, Wang Z, Wang L, Wu R, Phillips J, Deng X (2009) LEA 4 group genes from the resurrection plant Boea hygrometrica confer dehydration tolerance in transgenic tobacco. Plant Sci 176:90–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Liu Z, Halterman D (2009) Analysis of proteins differentially accumulated during potato late blight resistance mediated by the RB resistance gene. Physiol Mol Plant Pathol 74:151–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Loyola-Vargas VM, Ochoa-Alejo N (2012) An introduction to plant cell culture: the future ahead. Methods Mol Biol 877:1–8PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Lu Y, Liu P, Xu ZS, Zhang RY, Liu L, Li LC, Chen M, Ye XG, Chen YF, Ma YZ (2010) Overexpression of W6 gene increases salt tolerance in transgenic tobacco plants. Acta Agron Sinica 34:984–990Google Scholar
  104. Ma L, Huo R, Gao Xw, He D, Shao M, Wang Q (2008) Transgenic Rape with hrf2 Gene Encoding HarpinXooc Resistant to Sclerotinia sclerotinorium. Agricul Sci China 7:455–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Marimuthu MP, Jolivet S, Ravi M, Pereira L, Davda JN, Cromer L, Wang L, Noque F, Chan SW, Siddiqi I, Mercier R (2011) Synthetic clonal reproduction through seeds. Science 331:876PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Maruyama K, Takeda M, Kidokoro S, Yamada S, Sakuma Y, Urano K, Fujita M, Yoshiwara K, Matsukura S, Morishita Y, Sasaki R, Suzuki H, Saito K, Shibata D, Shinozaki K, Yamaguchi-Shinozaki K (2009) Metabolic pathways involved in cold acclimation identified by integrated analysis of metabolites and transcripts regulated by DREB1A and DREB2A. Plant Physiol 150:1972–1980PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. McLaughlin JE, Bin-Umer MA, Tortora A, Mendez N, McCormick S, Tumera NE (2009) A genome-wide screen in saccharomyces cerevisiae reveals a critical role for the mitochondria in the toxicity of a trichothecene mycotoxin. Proc Natl Acad Sci 106:21883–21888PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Meeusen RL (1996) Commercialization of transgenic seed products: two case studies. In: Collins GB, Shepherd RJ (eds) Engineering plants for commercial products and applications. NY Acad Sci, New York, pp 172–176Google Scholar
  109. Meiyalaghan S, Barrell PJ, Jacobs JM, Conner AJ (2011) Regeneration of multiple shoots from transgenic potato events facilitates the recovery of phenotypically normal lines: assessing a cry9Aa2 gene conferring insect resistance. BMC Biotechnol 11:93PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Melchers LS, Stuiver MH (2000) Novel genes for disease-resistance breeding. Curr Opin Plant Biol 3:147–152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Menkir A, Chikoye D, Lum F (2010) Incorporating an herbicide resistance gene into tropical maize with inherent polygenic resistance to control Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth. Plant Breed 129:385–392Google Scholar
  112. Minhas D, Grover A (1999) Transcript levels of genes encoding various glycolytic and fermentation enzymes change in response to abiotic stresses. Plant Sci 146:41–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Miranda JA, Avonce N, Suarez R, Thevelein JM, Dijck PV, Iturriaga G (2007) A bifunctional TPS–TPP enzyme from yeast confers tolerance to multiple and extreme abiotic-stress conditions in transgenic Arabidopsis. Planta 226:1411–1421PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Moon H, Baek D, Lee B, Prasad DT, Lee SY, Cho MJ, Lim CO, Choi MS, Bahk J, Kim MO, Hong JC, Yun DJ (2002) Soybean ascorbate peroxidase suppresses Bax-induced apoptosis in yeast by inhibiting oxygen radical generation. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 290:457–462PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Mulwa RMS, Mwanza LM (2006) Biotechnology approaches to developing herbicide tolerance/selectivity in crops. Afr J Biotechnol 5(5):396–404Google Scholar
  116. Mundembe R, Matibiri A, Sithole-Niang I (2009) Transgenic plants expressing the coat protein gene of cowpea aphid-borne mosaic potyvirus predominantly convey the delayed symptom development phenotype. Afr J Biotechnol 8:2682–2690Google Scholar
  117. Munis MFH, Tu L, Deng F, Tan J, Xu L, Xu S, LongL, Zhang X (2010) A thaumatin-like protein gene involved in cotton fiber secondary cell wall development enhances resistance against Verticillium dahliae and other stresses in transgenic tobacco. Biochem Biophy Res Commu 393:38–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Munoz-Amatrian M, Svensson Jt, Castillo AM, Close TJ, Valles MP (2009) Microspore embryogenesis: assignment of genes to embryo formation and green vs. albino plant production. Funct Integr Genomics 9:311–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Mustafa NR, de Winter W, van Irene F, Verportee R (2011) Initiation, growth and cryopreservation of plant cell suspension cultures. Nat Protoc 6:715–742PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Nakayama H, Yoshida K, Ono H, Murooka Y, Shinmyo A (2000) Ectoine, the compatible solute of Halomonas elongata, confers hyperosmotic tolerance in cultured tobacco cells. Plant Physiol 122:1239–1247PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Ni X, Tian Z, Liu J, Song B, Li J, Shi X, Xie C (2010) StPUB17, a novel potato UND/PUB/ARM repeat type gene, is associated with late blight resistance and NaCl stress. Plant Sci 178:158–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Oberschall A, Deak M, Török K, Saa L, Vass I, Kovacs I, Feher A, Dudits D, Horvath GV (2000) A novel aldose/aldehyde reductase protects transgenic plants against lipid peroxidation under chemical and drought stresses. Plant J 24:437–446PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Obert B, Zackova Z, Samaj J, Pretova A (2009) Doubled haploid production in Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.). Biotechnol Adv 27:371–375PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Ochatt SJ (2011) Immature seeds and embryos of Medicago truncatula cultured in vitro. Methods Mol Biol 710:39–52PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Ohta M, Hayashi Y, Nakashima A, Hamada A, Tanaka A, Nakamura T, Hayakawa T (2002) Introduction of a Na+/H+ antiporter gene from Atriplex gmelini confers salt tolerance to rice. FEBS Lett 532:279–282PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Palanivelu R, Preuss D (2006) Distinct short-range ovule signals attract or repel Arabidopsis thaliana pollen tubes in vitro. BMC Plant Biol 6:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Pardo JM, Reddy MP, Yang S, Maggio A, Huh GH, Matsumoto T, Coca MA, Paino-D’Urzo M, Koiwa H, Yun DJ, Watad AA, Bressan RA, Hasegawa PM (1998) Stress signaling through Ca2+/calmodulin dependent protein phosphatase calcineurin mediates salt adaptation in plants. Proc Natl Acad Sci 95:9681–9686PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Park BJ, Liu Z, Kanno A, Kameya T (2005) Increased tolerance to salt- and water-deficit stress in transgenic lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) by constitutive expression of LEA. Plant Growth Regul 45:165–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Park JM, Park CJ, Lee SB, Ham BK, Shin R, Paek KH (2001) Overexpression of the tobacco Tsi1 gene encoding an EREBP/AP2-type transcription factor enhances resistance against pathogen attack and osmotic stress in tobacco. Plant Cell 13:1035–1046PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Pasquali G, Biricolti S, Locatelli F, Baldoni E, Mattana M (2008) Osmyb4 expression improves adaptive responses to drought and cold stress in transgenic apples. Plant Cell Rep 27:1677–1686PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Patel D, Power JB, Anthony P, Badakshi F, Pat Heslop-Harrison JS, Davey MR (2011) Somatic hybrid plants of Nicotiana x sanderae (+) N. debneyi with fungal resistance to Peronospora tabacina. Ann Bot 108:809–819PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Piao HL, Lim JH, Kim SJ, Cheong GW, Hwang I (2001) Constitutive overexpression of AtGSK1 induces NaCl stress responses in the absence of NaCl stress and results in enhanced NaCl tolerance in Arabidopsis. Plant J 27:305–314PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Pistelli L, Iacona C, Miano D, Crilli M, Colao MC, Mensuali-Sodi A, Muleo R (2012) Molecular spectrum of somaclonal variation in regenerated rice revealed by whole genome sequencing. Plant Cell Physiol 53:256–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Pons E, Peris JE, Pena L (2012) Field performance of transgenic citrus trees: assessment of the long-term expression of uidA and nptII transgenes and its impact on relevant agronomic and phenotypic characteristics. BMC Biotechnol 12:41PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Powell-Abel P, Nelson RS, De B, Hoffman H, Rogers SG, Fraley RT, Beachy RN (1986) Delay of disease development in transgenic plants that express the tobacco mosaic virus coat protein gene. Science 232:738–743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Qi YB, YeSH, Lu YT, Jin QS, Zhang XM (2009) Development of marker-free transgenic Cry1Ab rice with lepidopteran pest resistance by Agrobacterium mixture-mediated co-transformation. Rice Sci 16:181–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Qiu Y, Yu D (2009) Overexpression of the stress-induced OsWRKY45 enhances disease resistance and drought tolerance in Arabidopsis. Environ Exp Bot 65:35–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Quan R, Hu S, Zhang Z, Zhang H, Zhang Z, Huang R (2010) Overexpression of an ERF transcription factor TSRF1 improves rice drought tolerance. Plant Biotech J 8:476–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Rahman M, Rashid H, Shahid AA, Bashir K, Husnain T, Riazuddin S (2007) Insect resistance and risk assessment studies of advanced generations of basmati rice expressing two genes of Bacillus thuringiensis. Elect J Biotech 10(2):240–251Google Scholar
  140. Ramesh S, Nagadhara D, Reddy VD, Rao KV (2004) Production of transgenic indica rice resistant to yellow stem borer and sap-sucking insects, using super-binary vectors of Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Plant Sci 166:1077–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Ranganath RM (2011) Developmental switches that hold the key to a revolution in crop biotechnology. Nat Rev Genet 12:224PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Redenbaugh K (1993) Synseeds: applications of synthetic seeds to crop improvement. CRC Press, Boca Ratan FLGoogle Scholar
  143. Riaz N, Husnain T, Fatima T, Makhdoom R, Bashir K, Masson L, Altosaar I, Riazuddin S (2006) Development of Indica basmati rice harboring two insecticidal genes for sustainable resistance against lepidopteran insects. South African J Bot 72:217–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Rommens CM, Kishore GM (2000) Exploiting the full potential of disease-resistance genes for agricultural use. Curr Opin Biotechnol 11:120–125PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Roxas VP, Smith Jr RK, Allen ER, Allen RD (1997) Overexpression of glutathione-S-transferase/glutathione peroxidase enhances the growth of transgenic tobacco seedlings during stress. Nat Biotechnol 15:988–991PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Roy AK, Malaviya DR, Kaushal P (2011) Generation of interspecific hybrids of trifolium using embryo rescue techniques. Methods Mol Biol 710:141–151PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Saijo Y, Hata S, Kyozuka J, Shimamoto K, Izui K (2000) Overexpression of a single Ca2+ dependent protein kinase confers both cold and salt/drought tolerance on rice plants. Plant J 23:319–327PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Sanei M, Pickering R, Fuchs J, Banei Moghaddam AM, Dziurlikowska A, Houben A (2010) Interspecific hybrids of hordeum marinum ssp. marinum x H. bulbosum are mitotically stable and reveal no gross alterations in chromatin properties. Cytogenet Genome Res 129:110–116PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Sato M, Hosokawa M, Doi M (2011) Somaclonal variation is induced De Novo via the tissue culture process: a study quantifying mutated cells in Saintpaulia. Plos One 6:e23541PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Schellenbaum P, Mohler V, Wenzel G, Walter B (2008) Variation in DNA methylation patterns of grapevine somaclones (Vitis vinifera L.). BMC Plant Biol 8:78PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Segui-Simaro JM, Nuez F (2007) Embryogenesis induction, callogenesis and plant regeneration by in vitro culture of tomato isolated microspores and whole anthers. J Exp Bot 58:1119–1132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Segui-Simaro JM, Corral-Martinez P, Parra-Vega V, Gonzalez-Garcia B (2011) Androgenesis in recalcitrant solanaceous crops. Plant Cell Rep 30:765–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. She M, Yin G, Li J, Li X, Du L, Ma W, Ye X (2012) Efficient regeneration potential is closely related to auxin exposure time and catalase metabolism during the somatic embryogenesis of immature embryos in triticum aestivum L. Mol Biotechnol 4:213–217Google Scholar
  154. Shefferson RP, Roach DA (2012) The triple helix of plantago lanceolata: genetics and the environment interact to determine population dynamics. Ecology 93:793–802PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Shi H, Lee BH, Wu SJ, Zhu JK (2003) Overexpression of a plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter gene improves salt tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nat Biotechnol 21:81–85PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Shi HY, Zhang YX (2012) Pear ACO genes encoding putative 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate oxidase homologs are functionally expressed during fruit ripening and involved in response to salicylic acid. Mol Biol Rep 12:19–26Google Scholar
  157. Shimamura C, Ohno R, Nakamura C, Takumi S (2006) Improvement of freezing tolerance in tobacco plants expressing a cold-responsive and chloroplast-targeting protein WCOR15 of wheat. J Plant Physiol 163:213–219PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Silva Rde C, Camillo J, Scherwinski-Pereira JE (2012) A method for seedling recovery in jatropha curcas after cryogenic exposure of the seeds. Rev Biol Trop 60:473–482PubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. Simoens C, Van Montagu M (1995) Genetic engineering in plants. Hum Reprod Update 1:523–542PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Singh RK, Ali SA, Nath P, Sane VA (2011) Activation of ethylene-responsive p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase leads to increased tocopherol levels during ripening in mango. J Exp Bot 62:3375–3385PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Sridevi G, Parameswari C, Sabapathi N, Raghupathy V, Veluthambi K (2008) Combined expression of chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase genes in indica rice (Oryza sativa L.) enhances resistance against Rhizoctonia solani. Plant Sci 175:283–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Suarez R, Calderon C, Iturriaga G (2009) Enhanced tolerance to multiple abiotic stresses in transgenic alfalfa accumulating trehalose. Crop Sci 49:1791–1799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Sugano S, Kaminaka H, Rybka Z, Catala R, Salinas J, Matsui K, Ohme-Tkagi M, Takatsuji H (2003) Stress-responsive zinc finger gene ZPT2–3 plays a role in drought tolerance in petunia. Plant J 36:830–841PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Sugino M, Hibino T, Tanaka Y, Nii N, Takabe T, Takabe T (1999) Overexpression of DnaK from a halotolerant cyanobacterium Aphanotece halophytica acquires resistance to salt stress in transgenic tobacco plants. Plant Sci 146:81–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Sun W, Bernard C, van de Cotte, Van Montagu M, Verbruggen N (2001) At-HSP17. 6A, encoding a small heat-shock protein in Arabidopsis, can enhance osmo-tolerance upon overexpression. Plant J 27:407–415PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Sunkar R, Bartels D, Kirch HH (2003) Overexpression of a stress inducible aldehyde dehydrogenase gene from Arabidopsis thaliana in transgenic plants improves stress tolerance. Plant J 35:452–464PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. Tagaki K, Nishizawa K, Hirose A, Kita A, Ishimoto M (2011) Manipulation of saponin biosynthesis by RNA interference-mediated silencing of β-amyrin synthase gene expression in soybean. Plant Cell Rep 30:1835–1846CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Tanaka K, Hibino T, Hayashi Y, Tanaka A, Kishitani S, Takabe T, Yokota S, Takabe T (1999) Salt tolerance of transgenic rice overexpressing yeast mitochondrial Mn-SOD in chloroplasts. Plant Sci 148:131–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Thipyapong P, Melkonian J, Wolfe DW, Steffens JC (2004) Suppression of polyphenol oxidase increases stress tolerance in tomato. Plant Sci 167:693–703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Thorpe T (2012) History of plant tissue culture. Methods Mol Biol 877:9–27PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Todaro A, Cavallaro R, Argento S, Branca F, Spagna G (2011) Study and characterization of polyphenol oxidase from egg plant (Solanum melongena L.). J Agric Food Chem 59:11244–11248PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Tommonaro G, de prisco R, Abbamondi Gr, Marzocco S, Saturnino C, Poli A, Nicolaus B (2012) Evaluation of antioxidant properties, total phenolic content, and biological activities of new tomato hybrids of industrial interest. J Med Food 15:483–489PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Uchiumi T, Okamoto T (2010) Rice fruit development is associated with an increased IAA content in pollinated ovaries. Planta 232:579–592PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Ushimaru T, Nakagawa T, Fujioka Y, Daicho K, Naito M, Yamauchi Y, Nonaka H, Amako K, Yamawaki K, Murata N (2006) Transgenic arabidopsis plants expressing the rice dehydroascorbate reductase gene are resistant to salt stress. J Plant Physiol 163:1179–1184PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Van Camp W, Capiau K, Van Montagu M, Inze D, Slooten L (1996) Enhancement of oxidative stress tolerance in transgenic tobacco plants overproducing Fe-superoxide dismutase in chloroplasts. Plant Physiol 112:1703–1714PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Van Damme EJM (2008) Plant lectins as part of the plant defense system against insects. In: Schaller A (ed) Induced plant resistance to herbivory. Springer Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp 285–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. Velker BA, Denomme MM, Mann MR (2012) Embryo culture and epigenetics. Methods Mol Biol 912:399–421PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. Vendruscolo EC, Schuster I, Pileggi M, Scapim CA, Molinari HB, Marur CJ, Vieira LG (2007) Stress induced synthesis of praline confers tolerance to water deficit in transgenic wheat. J Plant Physiol 164:1367–1376PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Villalobos MA, Bartels D, Iturriaga G (2004) Stress tolerance and glucose insensitive phenotypes in arabidopsis overexpressing the CpMYB10 transcription factor gene. Plant Physiol 135:309–324PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Waie B, Rajam MV (2003) Effect of increased polyamine biosynthesis on stress responses in transgenic tobacco by introduction of human S- denosylmethionine gene. Plant Sci 164:727–734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Walter RS, Rosemary L, Gary DF, Weingartner DP (2011) Compendium of potato diseases (APS compendium of plant disease series). APS Press, The American Phytopathological Society, St. PaulGoogle Scholar
  182. Wang GX, Tang Y, Yan H, Sheng XG, Hao WW, Zhang L, Lu K, Liu F (2011) Production and characterization of interspecific somatic hybrids between brassica oleracea var. botrytis and B. nigra and their progenies for the selection of advanced pre-breeding materials. Plant Cell Rep 30:1811–1821PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. Wang QC, Valkonen JP (2008) Elimination of two viruses which interact synergistically from sweet potato by shoot tip culture and cryotherapy. J Virol Methods 154:135–145PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Wang W, Vinocur B, Shoseyov O, Altman A (2004) Role of plant heat shock proteins and molecular chaperones in the abiotic stress response. Trends Plant Sci 9:244–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Wang Z, Song J, Zhang Y, Yang B, Wang Y, Chen S (2008) Mechanism analysis of broad-spectrum disease resistance induced by expression of anti-apoptotic p35 gene in tobacco. Chinese J Biotech 24:1707–1713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Watrud LS, Lee EH, Fairbrother A, Burdick C, Reichman JR, Bollman M, Storm M, King G, Van de Water PK (2004) Evidence for landscape-level, pollen-mediated gene flow from genetically modified creeping bentgrass with CP4 EPSPS as a marker. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101:14533–14538PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Whetstone PA, Hammock BD (2007) Delivery methods for peptide and protein toxins in insect control. Toxicon 49:576–596PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Winicov I (2000) Alfin1 transcription factor overexpression enhances plant root growth under normal and saline conditions and improves salt tolerance in alfalfa. Planta 210:416–422PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. Xiao B, Huang Y, Tang N, Xiong L (2007) Overexpression of a LEA gene in rice improves drought resistance under field conditions. Theor Appl Genet 115:35–46PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Xing LP, Wang HZ, Jiang ZN, Ni JL, Cao AZ, Yu L, Chen PD (2008) Transformation of wheat thaumatin-like protein gene and analysis of reactions to powdery mildew and Fusarium head blight in transgenic plants. Acta Agronomica Sinica 34:349–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Yadav SK, Singla-Pareek SL, Reddy MK, Sopory SK (2005) Transgenic tobacco plants over-expressing glyoxylase enzymes resist an increase in methylglyoxal and maintain higher reduced glutathione levels under salinity stress. FEBS Lett 579:6265–6271PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. Yang SX, Zhao YX, Zhang Q, He YK, Zhang H, Luo HA (2001) L1 mediate salt adaptation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Cell Res 11:142–148PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Yokotani N, Ichikawa T, Kondou Y, Maeda S, Iwabuchi M, Mori M, Hirochika H, Mastsui M, Oda K (2009) Overexpression of a rice gene encoding a small C2 domain protein OsSMCP1 increases tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses in transgenic Arabidopsis. Plant Mol Biol 71:391–402PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Zang N, Zhai H, Gao S, Chen W, He S, Liu Q (2009) Efficient production of transgenic plants using the bar gene for herbicide resistance in sweet potato. Sci Hort 122:649–653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. Zapata-Arias FJ, Torrizo LB, Ando A (1995) Current developments in plant biotechnology for genetic improvement, the case of rice (Oryza sativa L.). World J Microbiol Biotechnol 11:393–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. Zebrowska JI (2010) In vitro selection in resistance breeding of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa duch.). Commun Agric appl Biol Sci 75:699–704PubMedGoogle Scholar
  197. Zhang L, Chen Q, Yuan Z, Xiang Z, Zheng Y, Liu D (2008) Production of aneuhaploid and euhaploid sporocytes by meiotic restitution in fertile hybrids between durum wheat langdon chromosome substitution lines and Aegilops tauschii. J Genet Genomics 35:617–623PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. Zhang F, Wang P, Ji D, Kang G, Xiang F (2011) Asymmetric somatic hybridization between bupleurum scorzonerifolium willd and taxus chinensis var. mairei. Plant Cell Rep 30:1857–1864PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Zhang HX, Blumwald E (2001) Transgenic salt tolerant tomato plants accumulate salt in foliage but not in fruit. Nat Biotechnol 19:765–768PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Zhang HX, Hodson JN, Williams JP, Blumwald E (2001) Engineering salt-tolerant Brassica plants: characterization of yield and seed oil quality in transgenic plants with increased vacuolar sodium accumulation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98:12832–12836PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. Zhang Z, Huang R (2010) Enhanced tolerance to freezing in tobacco and tomato overexpressing transcription factor TERF2/LeERF2 is modulated by ethylene biosynthesis. Plant Mol Bio 73:241–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. Zhou J, Li F, Wang JL, Ma Y, Chong K, Xu YY (2009) Basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor from wild rice (OrbHLH2) improves tolerance to salt- and osmotic stress in Arabidopsis. J Plant Physiol 166:1296–1306PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sumiya Jamsheed
    • 1
  • Saiema Rasool
    • 1
  • Shivani Koul
    • 1
  • Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz
    • 2
    • 3
  • Parvaiz Ahmad
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceJamia HamdardNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of ScienceKing Faisal UniversityHofufSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceSouth Valley UniversityQenaEgypt
  4. 4.Department of BotanyGDC AnantnagJammu and KashmirIndia

Personalised recommendations