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Arsenic Stress in Plants: An Inside Story

  • Iti Sharma
Chapter

Abstract

Arsenic (As) toxicity is a global concern due to increasing contamination of metalloid in water, soil and crops especially in South East Asia. Arsenic poses a serious threat of food chain contamination by accumulating in various crops through the phosphate transporters as a phosphate analogue. After accumulating in plant tissues arsenic interferes with various metabolic processes and thereby adversely affects the plant metabolism, and ultimately leads to reduced plant productivity. Alteration of phosphate, nitrogen, sulfur metabolism and disorder in major physiological reactions like respiration, photosynthesis and transpiration are responsible for metabolic dysfunction of plants exposed to arsenic. This chapter discusses recent advances in plant arsenic interaction at molecular, biochemical and physiological levels. It is necessary to develop a detailed biochemical understanding about interaction of arsenic with plants to limit detrimental effects of arsenic on crops and also for better agronomic production.

Keywords

Arsenic Species Arsenic Toxicity Arsenate Reductase Root Border Cell Inorganic Arsenic Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I thank to Professor Aditya Shastri, Director, Banasthali University for his kind support and necessary facilities for carrying out the present study. The sincere cooperation and support of my mentor Dr. Bhumi Nath Tripathi is also gratefully acknowledged. The work was financially supported by Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India, New Delhi, in the form of Women Scientist-A Scheme (WOS-A).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Bioscience and BiotechnologyBanasthali UniversityBanasthaliIndia

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