Military Logistics Planning in Humanitarian Relief Operations

  • Samir Sebbah
  • Abdeslem Boukhtouta
  • Jean Berger
  • Ahmed Ghanmi
Chapter
Part of the Operations Research/Computer Science Interfaces Series book series (ORCS, volume 54)

Abstract

Humanitarian logistics is defined as the process of planning, implementing and controlling the efficient, cost effective flow and storage of goods and materials as well as related information from the point of origin to the point of consumption for the purpose of alleviating the suffering of vulnerable people. The function encompasses a range of activities, including preparedness, planning, procurement, transport, warehousing, tracking and tracing. However, several factors may obstruct the flows of reliefs and information in humanitarian relief operations and negatively affect the effectiveness of the involved organizations. Problems such as scarcity of reliefs and logistics means to efficiently distribute the goods, location/allocation of distribution centres and storage capacity, flow bottlenecks in the humanitarian relief network, security of convoys, fairness in reliefs’ distribution, etc. may appear at different stages of the HROs and prevent the reliefs from reaching the needy populations. This chapter considers HROs from a military logistics perspective. We review some challenging problems in HROs. We then propose mathematical planning and optimization models to address some of these problems. Finally, we give some concluding remarks and some future research venues.

Keywords

Transportation Income Volatility Mete 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samir Sebbah
    • 1
  • Abdeslem Boukhtouta
    • 1
  • Jean Berger
    • 2
  • Ahmed Ghanmi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of National DefenceDefence R&D Canada, Centre for Operational Research & Analysis (DRDC-CORA)OttawaCanada
  2. 2.Department of National DefenceDefence R&D Canada, Valcartier (DRDC-Valcartier)QuebecCanada

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