Development of an Organic Food Mentality in Romania



In recent years, consumers, producers as well as retailers have exhibited a growing tendency toward healthy, highly nutritious, functional, and, obviously, organic foods. Given that many European states have provided government grants for organic foods, these have become more easily accessible to consumers, both financially and in terms of the place where they can be procured. A field research conducted through the observational method reveals that an increasing number of Romanian retailers have included organic food in their assortment, both under the producer and their own brand. The research as a whole identified 15 different ranges of organic food distributed to hyper- and supermarkets as well as to specialty and convenience stores. The retail chains carry a wide range of organic articles and the customers are sometimes willing to pay an extra price of 50 up to 100 % higher than that of the conventional products. Supplemented by a semi-structured interview applied to various experts of Romanian environmental movements (academicians, representatives of producers, processors, specialty associations, control and certification bodies, and authorities empowered to enforce and verify compliance with quality standards, customers), the observation attempted to determine the degree to which organic products are known and the implications of their being consumed by the customers. Although some respondents are not fully aware of how relevant it is to consume mainly organic products, the conducted interviews revealed the respondent’s increased interest in the issues related to promoting health and a lifestyle in accordance with the principles of a balanced diet. It is advisable that the conclusions of the present study should be turned to good account by means of an active marketing policy so that an “organic diet mentality” may be developed among the Romanian customers.


Organic foods Romania agriculture Agricultural marketing Consumer behavior EU and modified foods 



This paper has been co-financed from the European Social Fund, through the 2007-2013 Human Resources Development Operational Sector Program Project number POSDRU/1.5/S59184 “Performance and excellence in the post-doctoral research within the economic field in Romania”.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of MarketingThe Bucharest University of Economic StudiesBucharestRomania
  2. 2.Faculty of Economics and Business AdministrationBabeş-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania

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