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Medical Image Processing

  • Raj Shekhar
  • Vivek Walimbe
  • William Plishker
Chapter

Abstract

Medical image processing, a specialization of classical image processing, focuses on reconstruction, processing, and visualization of medical images. The field has gained particular prominence as medical imaging devices have emerged as a vast and fast growing source of image data. This chapter introduces the reader to the common medical image acquisition techniques and, using two case studies, to the imaging pipeline observed in many medical applications. Each of the stages of the pipeline, which includes reconstruction, preprocessing, segmentation, registration and visualization are presented in greater detail. Medical images continue to trend toward higher resolution and higher dimensions. Together with a persistent need for speed for clinical efficiency, this trend has created new computational challenges for practical implementations of many medical image processing algorithms. The chapter concludes with a discussion of computational needs and a brief survey of current solutions.

Keywords

Positron Emission Tomography Single Photon Emission Compute Tomography Image Registration Message Passing Interface Nonrigid Registration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Children’s National Medical CenterWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.GE HealthcareWIUSA
  3. 3.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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