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The Mechanics of Soft Cohesive Sediments During Early Diagenesis

  • Bernard P. Boudreau
  • Mark Barry
  • Christopher L’Esperance
  • Christopher K. Algar
  • Bruce D. Johnson
Chapter
Part of the SERDP ESTCP Environmental Remediation Technology book series (SERDP/ESTCP, volume 6)

Abstract

Natural, surficial, cohesive (clay-bearing), aquatic sediments are subject to a variety of phenomena in which physics, rather than say chemistry, plays an essential role; this includes, but is not limited to, bioturbation, self-weight compaction, and phase growth. Scientific monographs (e.g., Berner, 1971, 1980; Boudreau, 1997; DiToro, 2001; Burdige, 2006; Schultz and Zabel, 2006) that focus on early diagenesis, i.e., those changes occurring in the top 1–10 meters (m) of aqueous sediments, make only passing reference to the physics of early diagenetic phenomena. In contrast, civil engineers, soil physicists and geophysicists have afforded great attention to the physics/mechanics of compaction, particularly in soils, anthropogenic sediments and basin-scale studies (e.g., Yong and Warkentin, 1966; Giles, 1997; Wang, 2000; Craig, 2004; Mitchell and Soga, 2005; Das, 2008); yet, this knowledge has not been effectively transferred to obtain a better understanding of early diagenesis.

Keywords

Shear Strength Overlie Water Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanic Early Diagenesis Muddy Sediment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

We would like to thank our partners-in-crime over the years, Bruce Gardiner (The University of Western Australia), Peter Jumars (The University of Maine), Kelly Dorgan (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, California), Yoko Furukawa (Naval Research Laboratory [NRL]), and Allan Reed (NRL) for sharing their inspiration and understanding. This work was supported by Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and U.S. Office of Naval Research. We also thank our reviewers for their considered comments. While we might not always have made the desired changes, we appreciate the opportunity to think about these issues.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard P. Boudreau
    • 1
  • Mark Barry
    • 1
  • Christopher L’Esperance
    • 2
  • Christopher K. Algar
    • 3
  • Bruce D. Johnson
    • 4
  1. 1.Dalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  2. 2.Satlantic LPHalifaxCanada
  3. 3.Marine Biology LaboratoryFalmouthUSA
  4. 4.Pro-Oceanus SystemsBridgewaterCanada

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