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The Effects of Physical Activity on the Physical and Psychological Health of Adolescents

Abstract

Because of the dramatic increase in the prevalence of adolescent obesity and because of the short- and long-term physical, psychological, and social consequences associated with this health condition, it is imperative that the adolescent obesity epidemic is addressed. Aside from managing overweight and obesity, there are many other physical, psychological, and social benefits related to increasing physical activity among adolescents. Adolescent engagement in physical activity is hindered by several environmental, cognitive, and behavioral factors. These factors need to be assessed and targeted by behavioral interventions that must be developmentally appropriate, based on health behavior theory, systematic, and comprehensive in order to effectively result in long-term changes in health behavior. There are many avenues for intervention among adolescents (e.g., family, health care provider, school, and community) and, ultimately, interventions that include multiple modalities will likely be more successful at increasing physical activity among adolescents.

Keywords

  • Physical Activity
  • Eating Disorder
  • Adolescent Obesity
  • Physical Education Class
  • Skeletal Health

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Correspondence to Erika M. Shearer M.A. .

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Shearer, E.M., Moore, B.A. (2013). The Effects of Physical Activity on the Physical and Psychological Health of Adolescents. In: O'Donohue, W., Benuto, L., Woodward Tolle, L. (eds) Handbook of Adolescent Health Psychology. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6633-8_12

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