Conclusions and Open Issues
Throughout this brief, we explored the various aspects related to routing in the wireless multi-hop network paradigms: MANETs, WSNs, WMNs, and VANETs. We presented an overview on wireless multi-hop networks along with an introduction to the four wireless multi-hop network paradigms. As well, we presented an introduction to routing, its basic functions, and how it fits in the protocol stack. We also explored the unifying features of the aforementioned networks by discussing the basic routing components that are main parts of any wireless multi-hop routing protocol and proposed a generic routing model that can be inherited in designing a wireless multi-hop routing protocol.