The Manufacturing, Testing, and Sterilization of Implants

  • Subrata Pal


During or after design, the manufacturing aspect must be considered to facilitate manufacturing the product with the available resources. Then the product must be tested for its sterilizability, effectiveness in vitro and in vivo, strength, life expectancy or durability, and, finally, packaging for shipment.


Titanium Catheter Welding Chromium Cobalt 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subrata Pal
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomedical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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