The Eye and Its Artificial Replacement

  • Subrata Pal


The human eye is a marvelous organ that is complex in function. Due to diseases, trauma, and the natural aging process, vision is impaired and reduced to a great extent. Medical scientists, working in tandem with material scientists, have developed many operative techniques and devices for correcting vision and giving relief to patients. To understand these developments, we need to start with the anatomy of the eye.


Contact Lens Cataract Surgery Intraocular Lens Ciliary Muscle Microbial Keratitis 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subrata Pal
    • 1
  1. 1.Biomedical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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