Cirrhosis: Gastrointestinal Features
Cirrhosis is the end stage of chronic liver disease characterized by the presence of fibrosis and scar tissue. This stage of liver disease is associated with multiple complications and causes poor quality of life, increased risk of infection, and has a poor prognosis. Although the disease is centered in the liver, it has myriad effects in other organ systems. Cirrhosis has a 10-year mortality of 34–66 %. The wide range is due to differences in the various etiologies of disease.
Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms include:
Increasing abdominal girth from ascites
Upper GI bleeding or rectal bleeding
Clinical signs and findings include:
Development of portal hypertension