Ulcerative Colitis: Gastrointestinal Features

Chapter

Abstract

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease likely due to an autoimmune process. In North America, the prevalence of this disease is 1 per 1000, with a bimodal distribution of age of onset in the second and sixth decade of life.

The gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms include:

Intermittent diarrhea mixed with blood and mucous, more than ten episodes per day in severe disease

Intermittent rectal bleeding

Tenesmus

Abdominal cramping

The most common clinical signs and findings are:

Initially limited to rectum/distal colon in 33 %, extending proximally to the left colon in 33 %, pancolitis in the remaining 33 %

Keywords

Arthritis Sedimentation Anemia Diarrhea Cyclosporine 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of ConnecticutWest HartfordUSA

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