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Ulcerative Colitis: Gastrointestinal Features

  • Nathan Selsky
Chapter

Abstract

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease likely due to an autoimmune process. In North America, the prevalence of this disease is 1 per 1000, with a bimodal distribution of age of onset in the second and sixth decade of life.

The gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms include:

Intermittent diarrhea mixed with blood and mucous, more than ten episodes per day in severe disease

Intermittent rectal bleeding

Tenesmus

Abdominal cramping

The most common clinical signs and findings are:

Initially limited to rectum/distal colon in 33 %, extending proximally to the left colon in 33 %, pancolitis in the remaining 33 %

Keywords

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Ulcerative Colitis Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Sclerosing Cholangitis Left Colon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

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    Leighton JA, Shen B, Baron TH, et al. ASGE guidelines: endoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Gastrointest Endosc. 2006;63:558–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Kornbluth A, Sachar DB. Ulcerative colitis practice guidelines in adults. Am J Gastroenterol. 2004;99:1371–85.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of ConnecticutWest HartfordUSA

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