Impact of Fix Cluster Head Selection (FCHS) Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensors Network

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 131)


Today main objective of wsn is to minimize the energy dissipation for the whole network. Clustering is one of the most knows methods widely used to face these challenges. Fix Cluster Head Selection (FCHS) routing protocol analyses how the system lifetime is improved by fixing the selection of clusters head. In this paper a cluster based communication protocol with considering the low energy consumption in wireless sensor networks, is introduced which balanced the energy load among the sensor node. Fix Cluster Head Selection (FCHS) analyses the cluster head selection to find the optimal probability of becoming a cluster head. Simulation result of FCHS corresponding to LEACH in mat lab shows that these designs increase the lifetime of the network 105 %. We found that FCHS yield longer stability region for higher values of extra energy brought by more powerful nodes. Finally, LEACH protocol and the improved algorithm simulate in MATLAB, and make Performance analysis and comparison in number of nodes alive, total energy consumption in network and a round of node death distribution. The results show that, FCHS compared with LEACH protocol, the improved algorithm prolongs the network life cycle, raises energy utilization and has good load balance.


Fix cluster head selection FCHS Wireless sensor network LEACH Energy dissipation Routing protocol 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSEMMU UniversityAmbalaIndia
  2. 2.EELingaya’s UniversityFaridabadIndia

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