Simulation in Non-Invasive Cardiology

  • James McKinney
  • Ross J. Scalese
  • Rose Hatala


Simulation training for noninvasive cardiology has a rich history, beginning with heart sound simulators to the current era of multimedia simulations and full-scale cardiopulmonary simulators for learning cardiac physical examination. More recently, part-task trainers and mannequin-based simulators have been developed for training in transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. In this chapter, the range of simulation modalities for cardiac physical examination and echocardiography are reviewed. Recommendations regarding curricular implementation are highlighted.


Cardiology Physical examination Echocardiography Simulation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • James McKinney
    • 1
  • Ross J. Scalese
    • 2
  • Rose Hatala
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Division of Research and Technology, Gordon Center for Research in Medical EducationUniversity of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  4. 4.Department of MedicineSt. Paul’s HospitalVancouverCanada

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