Descriptive, Environmental and Genetic Epidemiology of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

  • Bing-Jian Feng
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB)


Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a rare tumor in most countries but is more prevalent in Southeast Asia, North Africa and Artic regions. Multiple factors participate in the etiology of NPC including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) activation, genetic susceptibility and exposure to environmental carcinogens. Specifically, risk factors consistently associated with NPC in endemic areas include early childhood salted fish consumption, preserved foods consumption, lack of fresh fruit or leafy vegetables intake, prior chronic respiratory tract conditions, and exposure to cooking fumes. EBV may act as a tumor promoting agent rather than an initiator in the progress of NPC carcinogenesis. Genetic susceptibility to NPC is largely mediated by the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I genes region, although it is not clear whether HLA is causative.


Human Leukocyte Antigen Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Human Leukocyte Antigen Allele Salted Fish Human Leukocyte Antigen Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bing-Jian Feng
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA

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