II. Literature Review

  • Tia A. Hoffer
  • Joy Lynn E. Shelton
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Psychology book series (BRIEFSPSYCHOL)


The term “suicide” is defined in the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary as “the act of killing oneself voluntarily and intentionally” (2004, p. 1249). Various data have been reported regarding the prevalence of suicide among the general population. A 2007 United States report on suicide highlights incidence and prevalence rates, as well as its impact on society at large (McIntosh, 2010). Suicide is considered the eleventh leading cause of death for people in the United States. In 2007, 34,598 people committed suicide (approximately 1 death every 15.2 min). Males were 3.6 times more likely than females to take their own lives. Overall, the use of firearms was the most common method of suicide (N = 17,352). Additionally, the risk for suicide has also been analyzed among various subpopulations. According to research, suicide rates among adolescent youth, the elderly, and military members are higher than those in the general population (Bryan, Cukrowicz, West, & Morrow, 2010; Joiner, 2010; Kang & Bullman, 2008; McIntosh, 2002).


Suicidal Behavior Personality Disorder Sexual Arousal Sexual Offense Cognitive Distortion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tia A. Hoffer
    • 1
  • Joy Lynn E. Shelton
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal Bureau of InvestigationQuanticoUSA

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