Perspectives on Protest in South and Southeast Asia

  • Ma. Regina E. Estuar
  • Nico Canoy
  • Divya Japa
  • Janice Jones
  • Sherri McCarthy
  • Ellora Puri
  • Megan Reif
  • Darshini Shah
  • Haslina Muhammad
  • Nisha Raj
  • Jas Jafaar
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS, volume 7)


In democratic countries, civil society is provided with a constitutional right to peaceful assembly. However, this right, though universally defined and accepted, still needs to be understood based on experiences and beliefs of ordinary citizens. This chapter discusses perspectives on protest of ordinary citizens from seven countries in South and Southeast Asia. We begin by providing a background on protest, its description, and forms and then relate it to existing frameworks for studies of collective action. We also discuss recent historical protest movements in South and Southeast Asia. Analyses of qualitative survey responses indicated that prevailing views in the region are more pro-protest than anti-protest. Pro-protest themes included focused on protest as a way to achieve peace, as a socially sanctioned right, and as socially justified action. Women were more likely than men to view protest as socially justified while men were more likely than women to view protest as a socially sanctioned right. Also significantly more antiwar protestors than non-protestors participants displayed pro-social agency, personal initiative, and activism when responding to a scenario about police beating peaceful antiwar protestors.


Collective Action Moral Agency Moral Disengagement Ordinary Citizen Southeast Asian Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ma. Regina E. Estuar
    • 1
  • Nico Canoy
    • 2
  • Divya Japa
    • 3
  • Janice Jones
    • 4
  • Sherri McCarthy
    • 5
  • Ellora Puri
    • 6
  • Megan Reif
    • 7
  • Darshini Shah
    • 8
  • Haslina Muhammad
    • 9
  • Nisha Raj
    • 10
  • Jas Jafaar
    • 11
  1. 1.Department of Information Systems and Computer ScienceAteneo de Manila UniversityQuezon CityPhilippines
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentAteneo de Manila UniversityQuezon cityPhilippines
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  4. 4.Doctoral Leadership Studies DepartmentCardinal Stritch UniversityMilwaukeeUSA
  5. 5.Educational Psychology, Counseling and Human RelationsNorthern Arizona UniversityYumaUSA
  6. 6.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of JammuJammuIndia
  7. 7.Political Science and International StudiesUniversity of Colorado DenverDenverUSA
  8. 8.Health Education Library for PeopleMumbaiIndia
  9. 9.Monash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  10. 10.Emory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  11. 11.Department of Anthropology and Sociology, Faculty of Arts and SciencesUniversity of MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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