Peace in Our Time? Reflections on Comparative Data About Peace and Reconciliation from All Regions of the World

Chapter
Part of the Peace Psychology Book Series book series (PPBS, volume 7)

Abstract

Experiences and the ways in which individuals are socialized through culturally transmitted beliefs, modeling, media images, daily observations, and other means vary according to home region on this planet and the geopolitical realities surrounding individuals as they develop. The mythos, stories, and values of culture interplay to create beliefs. It is likely that this socialization, in turn, affects definitions of peace and reconciliation and beliefs about whether or not peace is possible. Definitions of peace and reconciliation as reported on the Personal and Institutional Rights to Aggression and Peace Survey (PAIRTAPS) from convenience samples in countries throughout the world were analyzed qualitatively using a grounded theory approach. In this chapter, frequencies of different types of definitions were compared across regions. In addition, exploratory chi-square analyses compared responses by gender, record of military service of self or family members, and participation in antiwar protests in each region. Group differences varied somewhat across regions. Given that none of the regional samples were probability samples, the results reports in this chapter must be considered purely exploratory, as suggesting directions for further research, rather than as definitive findings concerning the contributions of the selected demographic variables to likelihood of defining peace and reconciliation in particular ways. The data gathered as part of GIPGAP and presented here, however, do seem to suggest that peace in our time is perceived as possible by many citizens in regions throughout the world.

Keywords

Europe Malaysia Defend Hines 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Educational Psychology, Counseling and Human RelationsNorthern Arizona UniversityYumaUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyBoston UniversityBostonUSA

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