Bidirectional Energy Management for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles via Vehicle-to-Grid

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 202)


As a paradigm of the incoming smart grid, vehicle-to-grid (V2G) has been proposed as a solution to increase the adoption rate of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). In this paper, we investigate the bidirectional energy management for PHEVs via V2G system. We formulate the energy management problem through dynamic programming, aiming at flattening the grid peak load and minimizing the daily energy cost. However, the “well-known” complexity in solving dynamic programming poses a computational challenge even for a small N. Therefore, we prove that a ( s, S, s′, S′) feedback policy is optimal for PHEV battery charging/discharging based on inventory storage theory. Simulation results verified the validity of the proposed algorithm. The theoretical analysis and proofs are instrumental to the future large-scale PHEV adoption in smart grid.


Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles Vehicle-to-grid Battery charging Dynamic programming Stochastic inventory 



This work was supported by U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant CNS-1116749.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of Texas at ArlingtonArlingtonUSA

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