Petroleum Refining and Environmental Control and Environmental Effects
The work summarizes the various process emissions that occur during petroleum refining. There are also general descriptions of the various pollution, health, and environmental problems especially specific to the petroleum industry and places in perspective the government regulations as well as industry efforts to adhere to these regulations. The objective is to indicate the types of emissions and the laws that regulate these emissions.
KeywordsHydrogen Sulfide Petroleum Refining Oily Sludge Fugitive Emission Sour Water
Gaseous, liquid, or solid by-products introduced into the environment as a result of refining processes.
- Environmental control
The use of various technologies to control and even prevent refinery emissions from entering the environment.
- Environmental effects
The effects of refinery emissions on the flora and fauna in the various ecosystems.
The processes by which petroleum is distilled and/or converted by application of physical and chemical processes to form a variety of products.
The laws by which environmental emissions are controlled.
- 1.Ray DL, Guzzo L (1990) Trashing the planet: how science can help us deal with acid rain, depletion of the ozone, and nuclear waste (among other things). Regnery Gateway, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- 2.Speight JG (2007) The chemistry and technology of petroleum, 4th edn. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
- 3.Majumdar SB (1993) Regulatory requirements for hazardous materials. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 4.Speight JG (1993) Gas processing: environmental aspects and methods. Butterworth Heinemann, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- 5.Speight JG (1996) Environmental technology handbook. Taylor & Francis, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- 7.Lipton S, Lynch J (1994) Handbook of health hazard control in the chemical process industry. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 8.Boyce A (1997) Introduction to environmental technology. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 9.Speight JG (2009) Enhanced recovery methods for heavy oil and tar sands. Gulf, HoustonGoogle Scholar
- 10.Carson PA, Mumford CJ (1995) The safe handling of chemicals in industry. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 11.Renzoni A, Fossi MC, Lari L, Mattei N (1994) Contaminants in the environment: a multidisciplinary assessment of risks to man and other organisms. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
- 12.Edwards JD (1995) Industrial wastewater treatment: a guidebook. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
- 13.Thibodeaux LJ (1995) Environmental chemodynamics. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 14.Meyers RA (1997) Handbook of petroleum refiing processes, 2nd edn. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 15.Occelli ML, Chianelli R (1996) Hydrotreating technology for pollution control. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
Books and Reviews
- Abraham H (1945) Asphalts and allied substances, vol I. Van Nostrand, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Forbes RJ (1958) A history of technology, vol V. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- Gary JH, Handwerk GE (2001) Petroleum refining: technology and economics, 4th edn. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Hoiberg AJ (1960) Bituminous materials: asphalts, tars and pitches, vol I & II. Interscience, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Khan MR, Patmore DJ (1997) Heavy oil upgrading processes. In: Speight JG (ed) Petroleum chemistry and refining. Taylor & Francis, Washington, DC. Chapter 6Google Scholar
- McKetta JJ (ed) (1992) Petroleum processing handbook. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Shih SS, Oballa MC (eds) (1991) Tar sand upgrading technology. Symposium series No. 282. American Institute for Chemical Engineers, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Speight JG (2000) The desulfurization of heavy oils and residua, 2nd edn. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Speight JG, Ozum B (2002) Petroleum refining processes. Marcel Dekker, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Speight JG (2008) Handbook of synthetic fuels: properties, processes, and performance. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar