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Waterborne Infectious Diseases, Approaches to Control

  • Alan FenwickEmail author
  • Albis Francesco Gabrielli
  • Michael French
  • Lorenzo Savioli
Chapter

Abstract

Waterborne diseases represent a significant and substantial burden on human health that disproportionately affects those living in the developing world. Human populations are attracted to live near surface water, particularly in areas such as sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where it may represent a scarce resource. The development of water resources to exploit their potential has undoubtedly been of great benefit to some human populations via, for example, an increase in the amount of land suitable for agriculture provided by irrigation schemes, or the provision of hydroelectric power following the construction of dams and reservoirs.

Keywords

Indoor Residual Spraying Cerebral Malaria Lymphatic Filariasis Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Waterborne Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Glossary

Neglected tropical diseases

A group of poverty-promoting and disfiguring diseases disproportionately affecting the poorest populations in developing countries. They are termed neglected because they lack the visibility, research support, and funding of other, more high profile, infections, such as malaria, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis. Several can be treated with inexpensive, effective treatment, while for others new drugs are needed.

Waterborne infectious diseases

Those diseases that rely on, or are heavily associated with, water for at least one stage of their life cycle or transmission, or affect populations closely related to areas of water.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Fenwick
    • 1
    Email author
  • Albis Francesco Gabrielli
    • 2
  • Michael French
    • 1
  • Lorenzo Savioli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Schistosomiasis Control InitiativeImperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Control of Neglected Tropical DiseasesWorld Health OrganizationGenevaSwitzerland

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