MSCs: Paracrine Effects

  • Siddiraju V. Boregowda
  • Donald G. Phinney
Part of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine book series (STEMCELL)


Historically, mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) have been ­characterized by their capacity to support hematopoiesis and differentiate into various connective tissue cell types. However, in the past decade, the field of MSC research has witnessed tremendous growth, spurred principally by studies showing that the cells are efficacious in treating a broad array of diseases. Renewed interest in MSC biology has also yielded new insights into their developmental origin, contribution to the hematopoietic stem cell niche, and mechanism of action in promoting tissue repair and regeneration. In the latter case, MSCs have been shown to secrete a bevy of proteins and other molecules that exhibit trophic, angiogenic, immunomodulatory, neuro-regulatory, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic activity and that function to restore homeostasis at sites of tissue injury and in response to disease. Herein, we provide an overview of the paracrine functions of MSCs by describing the different classes of proteins secreted by cells, the influence of the local microenvironment on their expression, and their therapeutic effects in various experimental animal models of disease.


Hepatocyte Growth Factor Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Keratinocyte Growth Factor Human MSCs Paracrine Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular Therapeutics and Kellogg School of Science and TechnologyThe Scripps Research InstituteJupiterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Molecular TherapeuticsThe Scripps Research InstituteJupiterUSA

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